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Vikram Samvat

Vikram Samvat (també Bikram Sambat, o Vikram Samwat, en devanagari: विक्रम संवत्, abreujat «V.S.») és el nom del calendari establert per l'emperador indi Vikramaditya. Es tracta d'un dels diversos calendaris hindús, ja que a l'Índia n'hi ha diversos en ús. També és el calendari oficial de Bangladesh i del Nepal.

D'entre els calendaris indis es poden citar:

  • Vikrama Samvat: lunar i sideral solar per anys.
  • Shaka Samvat (tradicional): lunar i solar tropical.
  • Calendari Bangla: solar tropical per anys.
  • Tamilnadu / Kerala: solar tropical per anys, com el calendari Malayalam.
  • Nepalès Bikram Sambat: solar tropical per anys.

La majoria de les festes a l'Índia estan basades en els dos primers calendaris. Alguns es basen en el cicle solar com el Sankranti (solar sideral) i el Baisakhi (solar tropical).

Bibliografia

  • Reingold and Dershowitz, Calendrical Calculations, Millennium Edition, Cambridge University Press, latest 2nd edition 3rd printing released November 2004. ISBN 0-521-77752-6
  • S. Balachandra Rao, Indian Astronomy: An Introduction, Universities Press, Hyderabad, 2000.
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Vikram Samvat
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