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Alfred Józef Potocki

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Alfred Józef Potocki
Alfred Józef Potocki foto (cropped).jpg
Minister-President of Austria
In office
12 April 1870 – 6 February 1871
MonarchFrancis Joseph I
Preceded byLeopold Hasner von Artha
Succeeded byKarl Sigmund von Hohenwart
Personal details
Born(1817-07-29)29 July 1817 or (1822-07-29)29 July 1822
Łańcut, Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, Austrian Empire
Died18 May 1889(1889-05-18) (aged 71) or 18 May 1889(1889-05-18) (aged 66)
Paris, French Third Republic
Spouse(s)Princess Maria Klemetyna Sanguszko
Children
Parents

Count Alfred Józef Potocki (Polish pronunciation: [pɔˈtɔt͡skʲi], 29 July 1817 or 1822, Łańcut – 18 May 1889, Paris) was a Polish nobleman (szlachcic), landowner, and a liberal-conservative monarchist Austrian politician and Prime Minister.

Early life

Count Potocki was born on 29 July 1817 (or 1822) in Łańcut into a prominent noble family of Polish origin, although a subject of the Empire of Austria, and inherited the Łańcut ordynat estates from his father. The son of Count Alfred Wojciech Potocki and Princess Józefina Maria Czartoryska. His grandfather was the writer Jan Potocki, best known for his famous novel "The Manuscript Found in Saragossa".

Alfred Józef Potocki is known for building the magnificent Potocki Palace, a grand residence in Lviv. In 1873 he co-founded the Akademia Umiejetnosci (Polish Academy of Skills) in Kraków. He ran a family distillery, which is today known as Polmos Łańcut.

Career

He was member of the National Sejm of Galicia from 1863 to 1889 and Sejm Marshal from 1875 until 1877. From 1875 to 1883 he was governor of Galicia.

In 1848 he became a member of the lower house of the Imperial Parliament (Reichsrat), the House of Deputies (Abgeordnetenhaus), and in 1861 the upper house, the House of Lords (Herrenhaus). He served in the Diplomatic Corps and was Minister of Agriculture of Austria from 30 December 1867 until 15 January 1870, but stepped down over his minority federalist views in the cabinet. On 12 April he became the 5th Minister-President of Cisleithania and simultaneously Minister of Defence. His tenure included the repeal of the 1855 concordat. He was unsuccessful with promoting federalism and failing to obtain the cooperation of the Czechs in the Reichsrat he stepped down on 6 February 1871, ushering in a brief interregnum of conservative rule under Count Karl Sigmund von Hohenwart (1871-1871) which was equally ineffective in implementing federalism, so that power quickly reverted to liberalism again.

Personal life

Portait of his wife, Princess Maria Klementyna Sanguszko, by Franz Xaver Winterhalter, 1857
Portait of his wife, Princess Maria Klementyna Sanguszko, by Franz Xaver Winterhalter, 1857

On 18 March 1851 in Sławuta, he married Princess Maria Klementyna Sanguszko, heiress of the prominent Sanguszko princely family. Together, they had two sons and two daughters:[1]

Count Potocki died on 18 May 1889 in Paris.[1]

Awards

Bibliography

  • W. Goldinger – J. Zdrada: Potocki, Alfred Graf. In: Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Band 8, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien 1983, ISBN 3-7001-0187-2, S. 230.
  • Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon Band 16, Leipzig 1908, S. 235.
  • Christian Schärf: Ausgleichspolitik und Pressekampf in der Ära Hohenwart. Die Fundamentalartikel von 1871 und der deutsch-tschechische Konflikt in Böhmen. Verlag Oldenbourg, München 1996, ISBN 3-486-56147-2, S. 75.

References

  1. ^ a b Schiele, Erika (1970). The Arab Horse in Europe. p. 148.
  2. ^ a b Wasylewski, Stanisław (1959). Czterdzieści lat powodzenia: przebieg mojego życia (in Polish). Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich. p. 455. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
  3. ^ Potocka, Maria Małgorzata z Radziwiłłów Franciszkowa (1983). Z moich wspomnień: pamiętnik (in Polish). Katolicki Ośrodek Wydawniczy Veritas. pp. 379, 482–483. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
  4. ^ Branicka, Anna (30 March 2020). Miałam szczęśliwe życie. Ostatnia z Branickich (in Polish). Otwarte. ISBN 978-83-240-3595-3. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
  5. ^ Raineval, Melville Henry Massue marquis de Ruvigny et; Raineval, Melville Henry Massue Marquis of Ruvigny and (1914). The Titled Nobility of Europe: An International Peerage, Or "Who's Who," of the Sovereigns, Princes, and Nobles of Europe. Burke's Peerage. p. 1170. ISBN 978-0-85011-028-9.
  6. ^ Zielińska, Teresa (1997). Poczet polskich rodów arystokratycznych (in Polish). Wydawn. Szkolne i Pedagogiczne. ISBN 978-83-02-06429-6. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
  7. ^ Warsaw Egyptological Studies. National Museum in Warsaw "Pro-Egipt". 1997. pp. 231, 235. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
Predecessor
Agenor Romuald Gołuchowski
Wappen Königreich Galizien & Lodomerien.png
Governor-General of Galicia
1875–1883
Wappen Königreich Galizien & Lodomerien.png
Successor
Filip Zaleski
Predecessor
Leon Sapieha
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Sejm Marshal of the Diet of Galicia
1875–1875
Wappen Königreich Galizien & Lodomerien.png
Successor
Włodzimierz Dzieduszycki
Predecessor
Leopold Hasner von Artha
Wappen Österreichische Länder 1915 (Mittel).png
Minister-President of Cisleithania
1870–1871
Wappen Österreichische Länder 1915 (Mittel).png
Successor
Karl Sigmund von Hohenwart
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Alfred Józef Potocki
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