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Barcin

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Barcin
Noteć River and Saint James Church in Barcin
Flag
Coat of arms
Barcin
Barcin
Barcin
Barcin
Coordinates: 52°51′N 17°57′E / 52.850°N 17.950°E / 52.850; 17.950Coordinates: 52°51′N 17°57′E / 52.850°N 17.950°E / 52.850; 17.950
Country Poland
VoivodeshipKuyavian-Pomeranian
CountyŻnin
GminaBarcin
Established12th century
Area
 • Total3.69 km2 (1.42 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)
 • Total7,714
 • Density2,100/km2 (5,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
88-190 to 88-193
Area code(s)+48 52
Vehicle registrationCZN
Websitehttp://www.barcin.pl

Barcin [ˈbart͡ɕin] (German: Bartschin, 1943-45 Bartelstädt) is a town in Poland, in Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, in Żnin County. It has 7,714 inhabitants (2014).

History

Rynek (market square)
Rynek (market square)

Barcin was founded in the 12th century, when it was part of Piast-ruled Poland. In 1472 it was granted privileges, which established local fairs. In the following centuries, it was a private town, administratively located in the Kcynia County in the Kalisz Voivodeship in the Greater Poland Province of the Polish Crown.[1]

Following the joint German-Soviet invasion of Poland, which started World War II in September 1939, the town was invaded and then occupied by Germany. Barcin was one of the sites of executions of Poles carried out by Germany in 1939 as part of the Intelligenzaktion.[2] Three Poles who were either born or lived in Barcin were also murdered by the Russians in the large Katyn massacre in April–May 1940.[3] In 1943, the Germans renamed the town Bartelstädt to erase traces of Polish origin, however the historic name was restored after the German occupation ended in 1945.

References

  1. ^ Atlas historyczny Polski. Wielkopolska w drugiej połowie XVI wieku. Część I. Mapy, plany (in Polish). Warszawa: Instytut Historii Polskiej Akademii Nauk. 2017. p. 1b.
  2. ^ The Pomeranian Crime 1939. Warsaw: IPN. 2018. p. 39.
  3. ^ Joanna Bejma. "Jest tablica, są dęby. Tak barcinianie pamiętają o ofiarach Katynia [zdjęcia]". Gazeta Pomorska (in Polish). Retrieved 21 March 2021.


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Barcin
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