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Carl Laemmle Jr.

Carl Laemmle Jr.
Carl Laemmle, Jr. portrait. Moving Picture World 1926.jpg
c. 1926
Born
Julius Laemmle

(1908-04-28)April 28, 1908
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
DiedSeptember 24, 1979(1979-09-24) (aged 71)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Occupations
  • Film producer
  • studio executive
Years active1926–1936

Carl Laemmle Jr. (born Julius Laemmle;[1] April 28, 1908 – September 24, 1979) was an American film producer - studio executive and heir of Carl Laemmle, who had founded Universal Studios.[2] He was head of production at the studio from 1928 to 1936.

Early life

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Laemmle was born on April 28, 1908, in Chicago, the son of Carl Laemmle, the founder of Universal Pictures, and Recha Stern Laemmle, who died in 1919 when he was eleven years old.[2][3] Carl Jr. had a sister Rosabelle, and a cousin Carla, an actress and dancer. His mother was buried in Salem Fields Cemetery, Glendale, New York. His family was Jewish, and during the 1930s Carl Laemmle Sr. assisted Jewish people in leaving Germany.[4]

The Laemmle family shared a large New York City apartment located at 465 West End Avenue before moving to Los Angeles, California.

Career

L. to. R. : Joseph P. Bickerton Jr. (theatre producer), Elmer Rice (playwright) and Carl Laemmle Jr. sign a contract for the film version of Counsellor at Law
L. to. R. : Joseph P. Bickerton Jr. (theatre producer), Elmer Rice (playwright) and Carl Laemmle Jr. sign a contract for the film version of Counsellor at Law

During his tenure as head of production, beginning in 1928 in the early years of talkie movies, the studio had great success with films such as All Quiet on the Western Front (1930), Dracula (1931), Waterloo Bridge (1931), Frankenstein (1931), East of Borneo (1931), A House Divided (1931), The Mummy (1932), The Old Dark House (1932), The Invisible Man (1933), Imitation of Life (1934), and Bride of Frankenstein (1935).

Laemmle (often referred to as "Junior") developed a reputation in this period for spending too much money on films that did not earn back their cost. By the end of 1935, Universal Studio had spent so much money, and had so many flops, that J. Cheever Cowdin offered to buy the Laemmles out. The notable success, both financially and critically, of the 1936 film Show Boat, was not enough to stem the downslide, and father and son were both forced out of the company. Neither worked on another film again, although Laemmle Jr. lived for 43 more years. Charles R. Rogers became the new head of production at the studio.

Personal life

Laemmle resided at 1641 Tower Grove Drive in Beverly Hills, California. He died from a stroke at the age of 71 on September 24, 1979, 40 years to the day of his father's death. He was buried in the Chapel Mausoleum at Home of Peace Cemetery.

Filmography

Year Title Notes
1930 King of Jazz Film debut
All Quiet on the Western Front
1931 Dracula
Dracula
Waterloo Bridge
Frankenstein
1932 Murders in the Rue Morgue
The Old Dark House
Air Mail
The Mummy
1933 The Invisible Man
1934 The Black Cat
Great Expectations
Imitation of Life
The Man Who Reclaimed His Head
1935 The Mystery of Edwin Drood
Bride of Frankenstein
1936 Show Boat Final film

References

  1. ^ Birchard, Robert S. (2009). Early Universal City. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-7023-5.
  2. ^ a b Kratz, Jessie (2017-01-05). "Carl Laemmle: Founder of Universal Studios and Humanitarian". Pieces of History. Retrieved 2023-01-21.
  3. ^ Dick, Bernard F. (2021-11-09). City of Dreams: The Making and Remaking of Universal Pictures. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 978-0-8131-9612-1.
  4. ^ "The High Times and Hard Fall of Carl Laemmle Jr".
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Carl Laemmle Jr.
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