For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Catepanate of Ras.

Catepanate of Ras

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The neutrality of this article is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. (October 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
This article possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. (October 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Catepanate of Ras
Κατεπανίκιον Ἄρσης
Province of Byzantine Empire
971–976
CapitalRas
History
 • TypeCatepanate
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Established
971
• Disestablished
976
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Principality of Serbia (early medieval)
First Bulgarian Empire

The Catepanate of Ras (Byzantine Greek: Κατεπανίκιον Ἄρσης) was a province (catepanate) of the Byzantine Empire, established around 971 in central regions of early medieval Serbia, during the rule of Byzantine Emperor John Tzimiskes (969–976). The catepanate was named after the fortified town of Ras, eponymous for the historical region of Raška (Latin: Rascia). The province was short-lived, and collapsed soon after 976, following the Byzantine retreat from the region after the restoration of the Bulgarian Empire.[1][2]

History

Medieval fortified city of Ras
Medieval fortified city of Ras

In the middle of the 6th century, during the reign of Byzantine emperor Justinian I (d. 565), a fortress of Arsa (Greek: Ἄρσα) in the province of Dardania was refortified, as attested by historian Procopius.[3] At the beginning of the 7th century, Byzantine rule collapsed, and the region was settled by Serbs.[4] Up to the middle of the 10th century, the fortress of Ras was a stronghold of the early medieval Principality of Serbia, as attested by the Byzantine emperor and historian Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus (d. 959) in his work De Administrando Imperio.[5] By that time, following the Christianization of the Serbs, the Eparchy of Ras was also created.[6]

The earliest possible date of later Byzantine invasion of Serbian lands and the creation of a province is around 971, when Byzantine armies conquered Bulgaria and re-established Byzantine supreme rule over the interior of Southeastern Europe, including the central Serbian lands, as attested by the Chronicle of the Priest of Duklja. One of the newly formed administrative units was the Catepanate of Ras. It was established as a Byzantine stronghold in Serbian lands, but its territorial jurisdiction can not be precisely determined. The Catepanate was short-lived, as well as the Byzantine rule in the rest of Bulgarian and Serbian lands. After the death of emperor John (976), a successful uprising started in the South Slavic provinces of the Byzantine Empire, led by Cometopuli, resulting in total breakdown of Byzantine power in the region and the restoration of the Bulgarian Empire.[7][8][9][10][11][12][13]

The main sources for the organization of the Catepanate of Ras is a seal of a strategos of Ras, dated to the reign of Byzantine Emperor John Tzimiskes (969–976). The seal belonged to protospatharios and katepano of Ras named John.[1]

After 976, the region was dominated by the restored Bulgarian Empire, that had complex relations with neighbouring Serbian princes.[14] Byzantine rule in the region was restored in 1018, under emperor Basil II (d. 1025), and new administrative units in Serbian lands were created, including new themes, one centered in the region of Syrmia to the north (Theme of Sirmium), and other in central Serbia (Theme of Serbia).[15][16]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Nesbitt & Oikonomides 1991, p. 100-101.
  2. ^ Ivanišević & Krsmanović 2013, p. 450.
  3. ^ Калић 1989, p. 9-17.
  4. ^ Ćirković 2004, p. 8-9.
  5. ^ Moravcsik 1967, p. 152-161.
  6. ^ Vlasto 1970, p. 208-209.
  7. ^ Stephenson 2003a, p. 42.
  8. ^ Stephenson 2003b, p. 122.
  9. ^ Булић 2007, p. 54.
  10. ^ Krsmanović 2008, p. 189.
  11. ^ Madgearu 2008, p. 134-135.
  12. ^ Madgearu 2013, p. 43.
  13. ^ Živković 2008, p. 247.
  14. ^ Ćirković 2004, p. 20.
  15. ^ Ćirković 2004, p. 20-21.
  16. ^ Ivanišević & Krsmanović 2013, p. 451.

Sources

{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Catepanate of Ras
Listen to this article

This browser is not supported by Wikiwand :(
Wikiwand requires a browser with modern capabilities in order to provide you with the best reading experience.
Please download and use one of the following browsers:

This article was just edited, click to reload
This article has been deleted on Wikipedia (Why?)

Back to homepage

Please click Add in the dialog above
Please click Allow in the top-left corner,
then click Install Now in the dialog
Please click Open in the download dialog,
then click Install
Please click the "Downloads" icon in the Safari toolbar, open the first download in the list,
then click Install
{{::$root.activation.text}}

Install Wikiwand

Install on Chrome Install on Firefox
Don't forget to rate us

Tell your friends about Wikiwand!

Gmail Facebook Twitter Link

Enjoying Wikiwand?

Tell your friends and spread the love:
Share on Gmail Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Buffer

Our magic isn't perfect

You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo.

This photo is visually disturbing This photo is not a good choice

Thank you for helping!


Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users.