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Cekcyn

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Cekcyn
Village
Cekcyn and the Wielkie Cekcyńskie Lake
Cekcyn
Cekcyn
Cekcyn
Cekcyn
Coordinates: 53°34′22″N 18°0′36″E / 53.57278°N 18.01000°E / 53.57278; 18.01000Coordinates: 53°34′22″N 18°0′36″E / 53.57278°N 18.01000°E / 53.57278; 18.01000
Country Poland
VoivodeshipKuyavian-Pomeranian
CountyTuchola
GminaCekcyn
Population
1,710
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationCTU

Cekcyn [ˈt͡sɛkt͡sɨn] (German: Polnisch Cekzin, 1942–1945 Seehaupten) is a village in Tuchola County, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, in north-central Poland.[1] It is the seat of the gmina (administrative district) called Gmina Cekcyn. It lies approximately 11 kilometres (7 mi) east of Tuchola and 51 km (32 mi) north of Bydgoszcz.

The village has a population of 1,710.

Cekcyn is located in the middle of the Tuchola Forest (Bory Tucholskie) in historic Pomerania. Around the buildings there are few lakes with the biggest one - Wielkie Jezioro Cekcyńskie. The word 'bory' means woods riddled with conifers, mainly pines. Visitors admit the pine forests are everywhere around. One of the most recognizable buildings in the centre is a church. This Neogothic church was erected in 1869. During summer vacation there is a very important event for the whole community. It is the holiday of administrative district Cekcyn, which has become a new tradition, and a way to promote this village.[citation needed]

History

Exaltation of the Holy Cross church
Exaltation of the Holy Cross church

Cekcyn historically was also named Ciechocinek and Ciechocin Polski.[2] In 1301 King Wenceslaus II of Poland enfeoffed the village to his chancellor Piotr Święca.[2] Later on, in the early modern period, it was a royal village of the Polish Crown, administratively located in the Tuchola County in the Pomeranian Voivodeship.[3]

During the German occupation of Poland (World War II), in 1940 and 1943–1944, the Germans carried out expulsions of Poles, whose farms were then handed over to Germans as part of the Lebensraum policy.[4] Three Polish families were enslaved as forced labour to serve Germans in Cekcyn and another nearby village.[5] In 1942 the Germans renamed the village to Seehaupten to erase traces of Polish origin. After the war the historic name Cekcyn was restored.

References

  1. ^ "Central Statistical Office (GUS) - TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01.
  2. ^ a b Słownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego i innych krajów słowiańskich, Tom I (in Polish). Warszawa. 1880. p. 681.
  3. ^ Biskup, Marian; Tomczak, Andrzej (1955). Mapy województwa pomorskiego w drugiej połowie XVI w. (in Polish). Toruń. p. 123.
  4. ^ Wardzyńska, Maria (2017). Wysiedlenia ludności polskiej z okupowanych ziem polskich włączonych do III Rzeszy w latach 1939-1945 (in Polish). Warszawa: IPN. pp. 77, 135. ISBN 978-83-8098-174-4.
  5. ^ Wardzyńska, p. 77



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Cekcyn
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