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Dolphinton

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Dolphinton
Dolphinton
Dolphinton
Dolphinton
Dolphinton
Dolphinton
Dolphinton
OS grid referenceNT098470
Council area
Lieutenancy area
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWEST LINTON
Postcode districtEH46
PoliceScotland
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
55°42′19″N 3°25′34″W / 55.70528°N 3.42611°W / 55.70528; -3.42611Coordinates: 55°42′19″N 3°25′34″W / 55.70528°N 3.42611°W / 55.70528; -3.42611

Dolphinton is a village and parish in Lanarkshire, Scotland. It is located 7 miles (11 km) northeast of Biggar, 11 miles (18 km) northeast of Carstairs, 10 miles (16 km) southwest of Leadburn and 27 miles (43 km) southwest of Edinburgh, on the A702 road.

The local manor belonged in the 12th century to Dolfine, elder brother of the first Earl of Dunbar. The estate was owned in various forms by the Brown family from the sixteenth till the nineteenth centuries, when it passed to the McKenzie family by marriage.

The parish has an area of 3,581 acres (1,449 ha). It is bordered by the parishes of Linton and Kirkurd (Peeblesshire), Walston and Dunsyre.[1]

The Railway

Dolphinton RJD 49
Dolphinton RJD 49

The village once had two railway termini, now long since closed. The Leadburn, Linton and Dolphinton Railway was the first to reach Dolphinton; the line, from the Peebles Railway at Leadburn, opened on 4 July 1864.[2] In 1867 the Dolphinton Branch was opened, connecting Carstairs Junction to the Leadburn line at Dolphinton.[3]

Major Joseph Learmont

An example may partially survive of an escape or Ley Tunnel built in Covenanting times at the old house and estate of Newholm. This tunnel was built by Newholm's owner at the time, Major Joseph Learmont, a leading member of the Covenanter cause who fought at Rullion Green and Bothwell Bridge. He hid within the 40-yard (37 m) long stone lined tunnel when necessary and evaded capture for 16 years until traditionally said to have been betrayed by a maid servant in 1682. The stone lining was eventually used to build a walled garden; it had run from a cellar to a turf dyke in mossy ground. Remains of it may have been discovered in the 1960s however details are sparse. The major was sentenced to death however partly due to his advanced age he was sent to the Bass Rock before eventual release.[4]

References

  1. ^ Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland, by Francis Groome, 2nd edition 1896; article on Dolphinton
  2. ^ White, Henry Patrick (1971). Thomas, David St John (ed.). A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain: Scotland: the Lowlands and the Borders. Phoenix House. p. 98.
  3. ^ Thomson, George (1960). The County of Lanark. Collins. p. 73.
  4. ^ Covenanter's Secret Tunnel Discovered in Lanarkshire


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Dolphinton
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