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Dov Berish Einhorn

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Rabbi

Dov Berish Einhorn

Rav, Rosh Yeshiva
Rabbi Dov Berish Einhorn
TitleAmstover Rav
Personal
Born1877
Mstów (Amstov), Poland
Died1942
ReligionJudaism
NationalityPolish
Parents
  • Efraim Tzvi (father)
DenominationOrthodox
Jewish leader
PredecessorRabbi Efraim Tzvi Einhorn
SuccessorNone (Community & Yeshiva were destroyed in the Holocaust)
PositionRosh yeshiva
YeshivaAmstov - Shearis Efraim
Began1901
Ended1939
ResidenceAmstov, Olkusz, Ger
DynastyAmstov
SemichaRabbi Yitzhak Yehudah Shmelkis, Chief Rabbi of Levov and author of Bais Yitzchok [1] [2] [3] [4], Divrei Yitzchok and Siach Yitzchok

Rabbi Dov Berish Einhorn (1877 – 1942) was the Chief Rabbi and Rosh Yeshiva of Amstov (Mstów), Poland.

Biography

Dov Berish Einhorn was born in 1877 in the small town Mstów (Yiddish: Amstov), Poland where his father, Efraim Tzvi served as the town Rabbi. In Amstov, Efraim Tzvi established one of the first formal yeshivas in all of Poland.[1][2]

In 1888, at age 11, Dov Berish was sent to Olkusz to study the Torah for three years under the tutelage of Rabbi Lublinski. With the encouragement of the Radomsker Rebbe, Dov Berish excelled in his studies. After mastering and memorizing several tractates of gemara, he was tested by his father and then accepted into his yeshiva in Amstov, where was considered one of the best students. At age 15, he married Rachel, the daughter of Rabbi Pinchas Menachem Justman. Dov Beirish then settled in his wife Rachel's hometown of Ger where his father-in-law and his wife's uncle, Rabbi Yehudah Aryeh Leib Alter, encouraged him to continue his Torah study. After many years of marriage the couple realized that they could not produce a child and agreed to divorce. Rabbi Dov Berish then proceeded to marry the widow of Rabbi Yaakov Yosef Rabinowicz who had been the Rabbi of Klobutzk, author of emes l'yakov and son of Rabbi Avraham Yissachar Dov Rabinowicz.[3]

Rabbi and Rosh Yeshiva

In 1901 Einhorn's father, Efraim Tzvi died and the Jewish community in Amstov appointed him to succeed his father as both Rabbi and Rosh Yeshiva. Einhorn then received Rabbinical ordination from Rabbi Yitzhak Yehudah Shmelkis, Chief Rabbi of Levov and author of Bais Yitzchok [5] [6] [7] [8], Divrei Yitzchok and Siach Yitzchok. Upon assuming leadership of the yeshiva, he chose to rename it Nachlas Efraim, in memory of his father. Under his leadership, the yeshiva was considered one of the most prestigious and exclusive in all of Poland. Einhorn continued to lead the yeshiva for almost 40 years. Among his notable students was Rabbi Shlomo Zev Zweigenhaft, who was Rosh Hashochtim of Poland and later became Chief Rabbi of Hannover and Lower Saxony.[4][5]

Death

When the Nazis invaded Poland, Einhorn was forced to relocate to the ghetto in Radomsko. In 1942, during the holiday of Shavuot, Nazi soldiers ordered Einhorn to board a train to the Treblinka extermination camp, he refused; the Nazis shot and killed him.[6]

Works

In 1990 Einhorn's torah insights were posthumously published together with those of his father, in a book called Shearis Efraim-Dov.[7]

References

  1. ^ Siach Hasadeh, Page 313 Bnei Brak, Israel 2000 Edition by Mandelbaum, David
  2. ^ Chelkas Yoav, Volume 2 , Toldos Hagoen Rabbi Shlomo Kalish Page 320 Jerusalem, Israel 2007 Edition by Mandelbaum, David
  3. ^ Shearis Efraim Dov, Toldos Hageonim Bnei Brak, Israel 1990 Edition by Mandelbaum, David
  4. ^ Dos Yiddishe Vort Magazine VOL. LXXIX No. 425 September–October 2011, New York, NY Friedenson, Joseph, Agudath Israel of America
  5. ^ Hamodia Newspaper, Kinyan L'Shabbos Magazine July 27, 2011 Page 10
  6. ^ https://www.geni.com/people/R-Dov-Berish-Einhorn-A-B-D-Amstov/6000000010609419581
  7. ^ "Shearis Efraim-Dov". tablet.otzar.org. Retrieved 2020-01-14.
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Dov Berish Einhorn
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