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French Division 4 (1978–1993)

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Division 4
Organising bodyFrench Football Federation
Founded1978
Folded1993
Replaced byChampionnat National 3
CountryFrance
Other club(s) fromMonaco
ConfederationUEFA
Number of teams112
Level on pyramid4
Promotion toDivision 3
Relegation toDivision d'Honneur
Domestic cup(s)Coupe de France
International cup(s)Cup Winners' Cup (via cup)

The French Division 4 was the fourth tier in the French football pyramid from 1978 to 1993. Above it were the Division 1, Division 2, and Division 3. Although it was succeeded by the Championnat National 3, the Championnat National 2 became the new fourth division.[1]

History

Before the introduction of the Division 4, the Division d'Honneur of regional leagues was the fourth tier in France. Against the advice of these regional divisions, the French Football Federation introduced the D4 in 1978.

In 1993, the Championnat National 3 replaced the Division 4. However, the Championnat National 2 became the new fourth tier in the French football league system.[1]

Format

The Division 4 followed the same system of being an "open" league as the Division 3, mixing together amateur clubs and reserve sides of professional clubs. The 112 teams were split into 8 geographic groups of 14 teams. At the end of the season, the best team from each respective group was promoted to the Division 3. The champion of each regional Division d'Honneur was promoted to the D4, while the bottom three of each group in the D4 were relegated.

To determine a winner of the league, the Division 4 involved a play-off phase at the end of the season, in which the 8 group winners participated. A group stage with 2 groups of 4 teams was followed by a final to crown a winner.

Attendance

In attendance numbers, the league attracted an average of 400 to 500 people a match. These average numbers were brought down by the little attendance figures at home matches of reserve sides of professional clubs.

Performances by team

Division 4 winners by team[2]
Team Winners Runners-up Years won Years runner-up
Toulouse B 1 1 1992–93 1980–81
Abbeville 1 1978–79
Meaux 1 1979–80
Rennes B 1 1980–81
AS Strasbourg 1 1981–82
Lisieux [fr] 1 1982–83
INF Vichy B 1 1983–84
Auxerre Reserves[a] 1 1984–85
La Rochelle 1 1985–86
Créteil 1 1986–87
Vallauris [fr] 1 1987–88
Bastia B 1 1988–89
Rouen B 1 1989–90
Fréjus 1 1990–91
Bourges B 1 1991–92
Montélimar 1 1978–79
Clermont 1 1979–80
Reims B 1 1981–82
Saint-Raphaël 1 1982–83
Lorient 1 1983–84
Grenoble 1 1984–85
Versailles 1 1985–86
Le Touquet 1 1986–87
RC Strasbourg B 1 1987–88
Paris FC 1 1988–89
Blagnac 1 1989–90
Thouars 1 1990–91
Saint-Malo 1 1991–92
Schiltigheim 1 1992–93

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Second reserve side of Auxerre.

References

  1. ^ a b "LE CLUB EN QUELQUES DATES" [THE CLUB IN A FEW DATES]. UA Cognac (in French). Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  2. ^ "Championnat de France Amateur 2". FFF (in French). 1 July 2009. Archived from the original on 2 August 2012. Retrieved 9 April 2021.

Bibliography

  • Championnat de France Division 4, SFF, 1993
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French Division 4 (1978–1993)
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