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Geshur, Golan Heights

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Geshur
גְּשׁוּר
Geshur
Geshur
Coordinates: 32°49′10″N 35°42′56″E / 32.81944°N 35.71556°E / 32.81944; 35.71556Coordinates: 32°49′10″N 35°42′56″E / 32.81944°N 35.71556°E / 32.81944; 35.71556
DistrictNorthern
CouncilGolan
RegionGolan Heights
AffiliationKibbutz Movement
Founded1971
Founded byHashomer Hatzair members
Population
 (2019)[1]
280

Geshur (Hebrew: גְּשׁוּר‎, lit. Bridging) is an Israeli settlement and kibbutz on the ridge of the southern Golan Heights.[2][3] The international community considers Israeli settlements in the Golan Heights illegal under international law, but the Israeli government disputes this.[4] In 2019 it had a population of 280.[1]

Etymology

The kibbutz is named after a biblical kingdom[5] which may or may not have been in the same area.

History

Bronze age

Location of biblical Geshur
Location of biblical Geshur

According to the Bible, during the time of King David, Geshur was an independent kingdom (Joshua 13:13). David married Maachah, a daughter of Talmai, King of Geshur. (2 Samuel 3:3, 1 Chronicles 3:2) Her son Absalom fled to his mother's native country, after the murder of his half-brother and David's eldest son, Amnon. Absalom stayed there for three years before being rehabilitated by David. (ib. 13:37, 15:8) Geshur managed to maintain its independence from the Aramean kingdoms until after the time of King Solomon.[6][7]

Modern period

Kibbutz Geshur was founded in 1971 by Hashomer Hatzair, a socialist-Zionist youth movement,[8] The village was established to the south of the Syrian village of Al-Adaisa, which was depopulated and razed, after being occupied by Israel in 1967. The first Golan Heights vineyards were planted in Geshur in 1976.[9]

References

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ Who's left in Israel?: radical political alternatives for the future of Israel, p. 106, Dan Leon, Sussex Academic Press, 2004, ISBN 978-1-903900-56-7, accessed December 20, 2009
  3. ^ Geography and politics in Israel since 1967, p. 119, Elisha Efrat, Routledge, 1988, ISBN 978-0-7146-3303-9, accessed December 20, 2009
  4. ^ "The Geneva Convention". BBC. December 10, 2009.
  5. ^ Hanna Bitan (1999) 1948-1998: Fifty Years of 'Hityashvut': Atlas of Names of Settlements in Israel, Jerusalem, Carta, p. 19, ISBN 965-220-423-4
  6. ^ The history of ancient Palestine, pp. 397-400, Gösta Werner Ahlström, Fortress Press, 1993, ISBN 978-0-8006-2770-6, accessed December 20, 2009
  7. ^ Ancient Damascus: a historical study of the Syrian city-state from earliest times until its fall to the Assyrians in 732 B.C.E., pp. 88-89, Wayne Thomas Pitard, Eisenbrauns, 1987, ISBN 0-931464-29-3, accessed December 20, 2009
  8. ^ Ashkenazi, Eli, "On the Golan Heights, people say that all this talk about talks is 'just talk'", Haaretz, May 22, 2008, accessed December 20, 2009
  9. ^ Ben Joseph, Michael, "Golan Heights wines are fuel for the soul," Jerusalem Post, October 25, 2001, accessed December 20, 2009

Further reading

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Geshur, Golan Heights
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