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Guangdong Winnerway F.C.

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Guangdong Winnerway F.C.
Full nameGuangdong Hongyuan Football Club
Nickname(s)Southern Tigers
Founded1958; 63 years ago (1958) (Semi-pro)
1992 (Professional)
Dissolved2001; 20 years ago (2001)
GroundGuangzhou, China
LeagueChinese Jia-B League
200110th

Guangdong Winnerway Football Club (simplified Chinese: 广东宏远; traditional Chinese: 廣東宏遠; pinyin: Guǎngdōng Hóngyuǎn) is a defunct Chinese football club, established on September 15, 1992 by Guangdong Winnerway Group and Guangdong Football Association. It was one of the earliest professional football clubs in China.

History

The club was originally formed in November 1958 when the local Guangdong government took control of the Guangzhou Sports University football team and participated in the 1959 National Games where they called themselves the Guangdong Provincial team.[1] Zheng Deyao was appointed their head coach and guided them fifth within the tournament.[2] After that competition the club entered the expanding Chinese national football league for the first time where they were allowed to be entered in the top tier in the 1960 season, finishing the campaign in fifth. The club also participated in the Chinese FA Cup for the first time where they came runners-up within that competition, losing 2–1 in the final to Tianjin.[3] The following season Gong Boqiang came in as the new head coach, however he was unable to improve upon previous results. Su Yongshun came in as the club's new head coach in 1965, however his tenure saw the club finish bottom of the division. The club were unable to redeem themselves the following season when in 1966 football was halted within the country due to the cultural revolution. In 1969 Zhao Yong managed the side during the intervening years when there was no national league and the club took part in regional competitions.

When the league restarted in 1973 Guangdong were allowed entry back into the top tier and they brought in Su Yongshun as their head coach once more, however his second stint proved to be more fruitful after guiding the club to a fourth-place finish. In 1975 Guangdong participated in the 1975 National Games where they won the tournament.[4] Su used the competition as a springboard to usher in young talented players such as Cai Jinbiao, Chen Xirong, Du Zhiren, Guan Zhirui, He Jia and Rong Zhixing into the squad before guiding them to the 1979 league title.[5] After winning the Club's first league title Su Yongshun was hired to be the Chinese national football team's head coach and this saw Xian Dixiong brought in as the club's manager.[6] Xian Dixiong would have to contend with an aging squad, most notably the club's talisman Rong Zhixing who on February 27, 1983 was given China's first ever testimonial before retiring.[7] The squad would really together and go on to win the South Championship in the 1983 season.[8]

In 1984 Yue Yongrong was brought in to manage the team.[9] Within his tenure the club would make significant changes towards restructuring the club. The team were one of the first in China to gain sponsorship with the Wanbao refrigerator factory and renamed themselves Guangdong Wanbao football club on January 2, 1985.[10] The club used the money to restructure their youth academy resulting in the development of Xie Yuxin who the club would sell to FC Zwolle in the Netherlands and make the player the first Chinese person to transfer to another country.[11] This restructuring would look like it was working as the club took part in and won the 1987 National games.[12] Unfortunately this would not translate into the league and the club were relegated at the end of the 1990 league season.[13] The club was able to immediately gain promotion back into the top tier. This saw the Guangdong Winnerway Group interested in the club, eventually going into a joint ownership with the Guangdong Football Association to re-establish the club as Guangdong Winnerway Football Club on September 15, 1992.[14] With the Chinese Football Association establishing the 1994 Chinese Jia-A League as the first official fully professional league in Chinese history, the club took it upon themselves to be the leader within the transfer market when they bought Li Bing for 640,000 RMB making him at the time the most expensive player in Chinese footballer.[15] Along with the signing of promising youngster Ma Mingyu there was high expectations that the club could win the league title, however under the management of Chen Yiming the club's highest position under his reign was fourth in the 1995 league season.[16] Chen Yuliang was brought in to replace Chen Yiming, however his resignation saw the club slip further down the table and high-profile signing of Li Bing and Ma Mingyu left the club.[17]

In the 1997 league season Guo Yijun was brought in to manage the squad, however under his tenure the club would struggle within the league. Su Yongshun was brought back into the team but results under him were unable to pull the team out of the relegation zone and the club finished bottom of the league.[18] Despite the relegation in March 1998 the Guangdong Winnerway Group bought out the remaining shares from the Guangdong Football Association and became full owners of the club.[19] The club would move to the untapped market of Shaoguan in the Province of Guangdong and play their home games in Shaoguan City Xihe Sports Centre. Improved attendances and immediate promotion back into the top flight would not materialise at the end of the 1998 league season. The owners decided again to move cities in the 1999 league season, this time they chose Liuzhou and moved out of Guangdong Province for the first time.[20] Once again attendances did not improve and they could not gain promotion. The club would move to Nanning and then Nanchang where the continued inability to win promotion along with low attendances saw the Guangdong Hongyuan Group decide that it was financially unsustainable to run a football club and sold their licence to Qingdao Hailifeng F.C. in December, 2001.[21] After the disestablishment of the club the local Dongguan government in Guangdong took it upon themselves to create a Phoenix club called Dongguan Nancheng F.C.[22]

Name Changes

Managerial history

Semi-pro seasons:[9][24]

Professional seasons:[18]

Results

All-Time League rankings

Season 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1973 1974 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Division 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1
Position 5 51 6 5 10 10 4 12 31 3 5 1 12 4 9 12 7 5 8 9 5 6 7 2 7 2
Season 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001
Division 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2
Position 7 4 9 12 5 3 7 10

no league game in 1959, 1966–1972, 1975;

  • ^1 in group stage
  • ^2 in South League

Former players

1. Players that have played/managed in the Football League or any foreign equivalent to this level (i.e. fully professional league).
2. Players with full international caps.
3. Players that hold a club record or have captained the club.

(BRA)Jose Carlos da Silva

References

  1. ^ "China 1959". rsssf.com. 2009-10-22. Retrieved 2016-03-01.
  2. ^ 郑德耀 (in Chinese). sodasoccer.com. Retrieved 2016-03-01.
  3. ^ "China 1960". rsssf.com. 2009-10-22. Retrieved 2016-03-01.
  4. ^ "China 1975". rsssf.com. 2009-10-22. Retrieved 2016-09-30.
  5. ^ "China 1979". rsssf.com. 2009-10-22. Retrieved 2016-09-30.
  6. ^ 冼迪雄 (in Chinese). gzevergrandefc.com. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
  7. ^ "Yuexiushan: The cradle of Cantonese football, part one". wildeastfootball.net. 2017-02-02. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
  8. ^ "China 1983". rsssf.com. 2016-09-13. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
  9. ^ a b 曾雪麟名满天下岳永荣六运揽金 (in Chinese). news.163.com. 2009-06-24. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
  10. ^ "Guangdong Hongyuan FC" (in Chinese). weltfussballarchiv.com. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
  11. ^ "February 6.1987 Xie Yuxin transfer". history.04007.cn. 2018-02-06. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
  12. ^ "China 1987". rsssf.com. 2017-02-02. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
  13. ^ "China 1990". rsssf.com. 2009-10-22. Retrieved 2018-03-30.
  14. ^ 广东宏远 (in Chinese). china.com.cn. Retrieved 2018-03-30.
  15. ^ 黎兵95年加盟广东宏远 64万身价创当时转会纪录 (in Chinese). sports.163.com. 2012-12-28. Retrieved 2018-03-30.
  16. ^ 陈亦明家产输光四处借钱 下落不明被疑南美躲债 (in Chinese). sports.sohu.com. 2010-01-14. Retrieved 2018-03-30.
  17. ^ 广州足球名宿陈玉良加盟富力足校 出任技术顾问 (in Chinese). sports.sina.com.cn. 2017-05-23. Retrieved 2018-03-30.
  18. ^ a b "历史足俱|广东宏远足球俱乐部(1994赛季-2001赛季)" (in Chinese). m.sohu.com. 2017-10-03. Retrieved 2018-03-30.
  19. ^ "退出足坛只是权宜之计 宏远还要回来搞足球" (in Chinese). people.com.cn. Retrieved 2018-03-30.
  20. ^ 宏远:800万元 正式更名为宏远金嗓子喉宝队 (in Chinese). sports.sina.com.cn. 2000-03-31. Retrieved 2018-03-30.
  21. ^ "青岛海利丰更名合肥创亿-甲B出现新面孔" (in Chinese). china.com.cn. 2002-05-10. Retrieved 2018-03-30.
  22. ^ "广东宏远足球简介" (in Chinese). easyeb.com. 2014-09-01. Retrieved 2018-03-30.
  23. ^ "Guangdong Hongyuan FC". weltfussballarchiv.com. Retrieved 2018-04-02.
  24. ^ "冼迪雄" (in Chinese). gzevergrandefc.com. Retrieved 2018-04-02.
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Guangdong Winnerway F.C.
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