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Harald Tammer

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Harald Tammer
Personal information
Born9 January 1899
Tallinn, Estonia
Died6 June 1942 (aged 43)
Sukhobezvodnoye, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia
SportWeightlifting, athletics
Event(s)Shot put, discus throw, hammer throw
ClubKalev Tallinn
Achievements and titles
Personal best(s)SP – 14.15 m (1922)
DT – 41.06 m (1920)
HT – 37.18 m (1923)[1][2]

Harald Tammer (9 January 1899 – 6 June 1942) was an Estonian journalist, athlete and weightlifter.[3] As a heavyweight weightlifter he won a world title in 1922 and a bronze medal at the 1924 Olympics.[4] As an athlete he competed in the shot put at the 1920 and 1924 Olympics and came sixth and twelfth, respectively. He served as the Olympic flag bearer for Estonia in 1920,[5] and as a representative of the Estonian Olympic team in 1928 and 1936.[1]


In 1915 Tammer graduated from Tallinn Commerce School and joined the Sports Association Kalev. Next year he placed within the podium at the Russian championships in shot put, discus throw and hammer throw. Soon after that he volunteered to fight in World War I and Estonian War of Independence as member of the Estonian Defence Leagues Kalevlaste Maleva Battalion [et] in Tallinn. After demobilization, from 1921 to 1928 he edited the Estonian sports newspaper Eesti Spordileht, and in 1923–33 was a journalist and in 1933–1940 editor-in-chief of Eesti Päevaleht. In 1928–40 he was a board member of Estonian Journalists Union, and in 1934–35 headed the Baltic Journalists Union. Tammer studied law and diplomacy at the École Libre des Sciences Politiques in Paris in 1931–33. He was also a board member of the Estonian National Olympic Committee in 1933–40, and of the Estonian Parliament in 1937–40. In 1940 he briefly worked as editor of the magazine Revue Baltique. Next year he was accused of spying for the Estonian Defence Forces and deported to Russia. He died in 1942 in a Gulag prison camp near Sukhobezvodnoye station in Semyonovsky District of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast.[1][6][7]



  1. ^ a b c Harald Tammer. sports-reference.com
  2. ^ Harald Tammer. trackfield.brinkster.net
  3. ^ "Harald Tammer". Olympedia. Retrieved 21 July 2021.
  4. ^ Harald Tammer. chidlovski.net
  5. ^ Estonia. sports-reference.com
  6. ^ Tammer, Harald. Eesti spordi biograafiline leksikon
  7. ^ "Olympians Who Were Killed or Missing in Action or Died as a Result of War". Sports Reference. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  8. ^ (in Latvian) Lāčplēša kaŗa ordeņa kavalieŗi: biogrāfija Tammer, Harald. Lāčplēša kaŗa ordeņa kavalieŗi
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Harald Tammer
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