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Hussain Hotak

Shah Hussain Hotak
شاه حسين هوتک
Shah-Husain-Hotak.jpg
Emir of Afghanistan
ReignHotak Empire: 1725–1738
Coronation1725
PredecessorAshraf Hotak
SuccessorPosition abolished
BornKandahar, Hotaki Dynasty
Died1738
Mazandaran, Afsharid dynasty[1]
Burial
Kandahar
Names
Hussain Hotak[2]
DynastyHotak dynasty
FatherMirwais Hotak[3]
ReligionSunni Islam

Shah Hussain Hotak, (Pashto/Dari: شاه حسين هوتک), son of Mirwais Hotak, was the fifth and last ruler of the Hotak dynasty. An ethnic Pashtun (Afghan) from the Ghilji tribe, he succeeded to the throne after the death of his brother Mahmud Hotak in 1725. He was also a Pashto language poet. While his cousin Ashraf ruled most of Persia from Isfahan, Hussain ruled Kandahar,[4] but was defeated.

Ashraf Khan's death in 1729 marked the end of the very short lived Hotak rule in Persia (Iran), but Kandahar was still under Hussain's control until 1738 when Nader Shah conquered it. It was only a short pause before the establishment of the last Afghan Empire[5] in 1747.[6][7]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Welcome to Encyclopaedia Iranica".
  2. ^ Mujtaba, Bahaudin Ghulam; Sayed Tayeb Jawad (2006). Afghanistan: Realities of War and Rebuilding. Ilead Academy. p. 10. ISBN 9780977421114. Retrieved 2010-08-22.
  3. ^ Vogelsang, Willem (2002). The Afghans. Wiley Blackwell. p. 224. ISBN 0-631-19841-5. Retrieved 2010-08-22.
  4. ^ "An Outline of the History of Persia During the Last Two Centuries (A.D. 1722–1922)". Edward G. Browne. London: Packard Humanities Institute. p. 31. Retrieved 2010-09-24.
  5. ^ "Last Afghan empire". Louis Dupree, Nancy Hatch Dupree and others. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 2009-10-17.
  6. ^ "Afghanistan x. Political History". D. Balland. Encyclopædia Iranica. Retrieved 2010-09-25.
  7. ^ Houtsma, Martijn Theodoor (1987). E.J. Brill's first encyclopaedia of Islam 1913–1936. Vol. 2. BRILL. p. 146. ISBN 9789004097964. Retrieved 2010-09-25.
Hussain Hotak Hotak dynasty Preceded byMahmud Hotak Emir of Afghanistan 1725–1738 Succeeded byPosition abolished
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Hussain Hotak
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