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Inchcailloch

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Inchcailloch
Scottish Gaelic nameInnis Cailleach
Meaning of nameIsle of the old woman
Location
Inchcailloch is located in Stirling
Inchcailloch
Inchcailloch
OS grid referenceNS410905
Coordinates56°04′52″N 4°33′18″W / 56.081°N 4.555°W / 56.081; -4.555
Physical geography
Island groupLoch Lomond
Area50 hectares (0.19 sq mi)[1]
Area rank199= (Freshwater: 6) [2]
Highest elevation85 metres (279 ft)
Administration
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryScotland
Council areaStirling
Lymphad
References[3]
From the summit of Inchcailloch over the woodland with the neighbouring island, Inchfad in the background
From the summit of Inchcailloch over the woodland with the neighbouring island, Inchfad in the background

Inchcailloch (Scottish Gaelic: Innis na Cailleach) is an islet on Loch Lomond in Scotland. It is 85 metres (279 ft) at its highest point. It is also known to some as Inchebroida.

The name Inchcailloch means "Isle of the old woman" or "Isle of the Cowled (Hooded) Woman" in the Scottish Gaelic language. Saint Kentigerna went to Scotland from Ireland to preach and spread Christianity and the island is thought to be named after her.

Geography and geology

Inchmurrin, Creinch, Torrinch, and Inchcailloch all form part of the Highland boundary fault.[4]

There is a burial ground in the north of the island, and a bay, Port Bawn (Scottish Gaelic: Port Bàn; English: White Port), in the south.

Like many of the Loch Lomond islands, it is quite heavily wooded.

Transport

There is a passenger ferry across the short channel separating it from Balmaha on the mainland. As a result, it receives more visitors than most of the Loch Lomond islands, currently 20,000 visitors per year. There is a camp site in the south at Port Bawn[5] and a nature trail.

History

A map of the 1800s showing the islands of Loch Lomond.
A map of the 1800s showing the islands of Loch Lomond.

Inchcailloch has been used as a hunting forest since the reign of Robert the Bruce. Deer still roam the island. White deer have been seen on the island in 2003. The narrow crossing is very shallow making an easy passage for deer to ford. The island was farmed until the early 19th century, being recorded in 1800 as producing good wheat and oats; the ruins of the farm can still be seen.[4][6] For around 130 years, Inchcailloch was an oak plantation. The resulting timber was processed at Balmaha (on the site of the Highland Way Inn), for making wood vinegar (pyroligneous acid), wood tar, and dye.[4][5]

Inchcailloch had a church dedicated to St Kentigerna, which was the parish church until 1621,[7] but the graveyard was used until 1947.[5] St Kentigerna was an Irish woman who is not to be confused with St Kentigern (a man who is also known as St Mungo). The Clan MacGregor burial ground includes some of Rob Roy's ancestors.[5] Legends have passed by word of mouth that the bones of a woman were found under the altar stone during an excavation.

Inchcailloch forms part of Loch Lomond National Nature Reserve, owned and run by Scottish Natural Heritage.[7]

Literary references

Inchcailloch is mentioned in Dr William Fraser's The Lennox (1874).

The travel writer, H.V. Morton visited in the 1930s, and remarked:

The isle is sacred to the MacGregors, and in the tangled branches and amongst the green trees is their ancient burial ground. It was on the halidom of him 'who sleeps beneath the grey stone of Inchcailloch' that members of this vigorous clan used to take their oaths.[8]

Walter Scott refers to the island in his poem, The Lady of the Lake -

A slender crosslet formed with care
A cubit's length in measure due
The shafts and limbs were rods of yew
Whose parents in Inch Cailliach wave
Their Shadows o'er Clan Alpine's grave,
And, answering Lomond's breezes deep,
Soothe many a chieftain's endless sleep.

See also

References

  1. ^ Rick Livingstone’s Tables of the Islands of Scotland (pdf) Argyll Yacht Charters. Retrieved 12 Dec 2011.
  2. ^ Area and population ranks: there are c. 300 islands over 20 ha in extent and 93 permanently inhabited islands were listed in the 2011 census.
  3. ^ Ordnance Survey
  4. ^ a b c Worsley, Harry (1988). Loch Lomond: The Loch, the Lairds and the Legends. Glasgow: Lindsay Publications. ISBN 978-1-898169-34-5.
  5. ^ a b c d "Inchcailloch". Loch Lomond Net. Archived from the original on 22 June 2008. Retrieved 24 September 2008.
  6. ^ Garnett, T. (1800). Observations on a Tour of the Highlands ... London. V.1. p. 40.
  7. ^ a b "Overview of Inchcailloch". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 24 September 2008.
  8. ^ Morton, H. V. (1933). In Scotland Again. London: Methuen. p. 145.

Coordinates: 56°04′52″N 4°33′21″W / 56.08111°N 4.55583°W / 56.08111; -4.55583

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Inchcailloch
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