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Jadów

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Jadów
Village
Coat of arms
Jadów
Jadów
Coordinates: 52°28′N 21°38′E / 52.467°N 21.633°E / 52.467; 21.633
CountryPoland Poland
VoivodeshipMasovian
CountyWołomin
GminaJadów
Population
1,200

Jadów [ˈjaduf] is a village in Wołomin County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland. It is the seat of the gmina (administrative district) called Gmina Jadów.[1] It lies approximately 31 kilometres (19 mi) north-east of Wołomin and 52 km (32 mi) north-east of Warsaw

The village has a population of 1,200.

History

The beginnings of Jadów are dated to the late Middle Ages. In 1475, thanks to its location by a trade route, Jadów obtained a market privilege and the right to organize fairs.

Architecture

In 1474 the first church was built by Bolesław IV. The most valuable part of the urban area is the small market square with tenement houses around.

Jews of Jadów

Between the two world wars there were about 1500 Jews living in Jadów, which constituted approximately 90% of its inhabitants. The Zionist movement was present in the community. Along with the occupation of the village by German Nazi troops in 1939, many restrictions were enforced upon the Jewish population, including payments, wearing an identifying band on the arm, forced labor, etc. In September 1942, a killing act (German “Aktion”) was enacted by Nazi troops, where approximately 800 Jews were shot to death. The rest were sent to the extermination camp Treblinka.

References

  1. ^ "Central Statistical Office (GUS) - TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01.


Coordinates: 52°28′00″N 21°38′00″E / 52.4667°N 21.6333°E / 52.4667; 21.6333


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Jadów
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