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John George Agar Jr.
January 31, 1921
|Died||April 7, 2002 (aged 81)|
Burbank, California, U.S.
|Resting place||Riverside National Cemetery|
(m. 1945; div. 1950)
(m. 1951; died 2000)
John George Agar Jr. (January 31, 1921 – April 7, 2002) was an American film and television actor. He is best known for starring alongside John Wayne in the films Sands of Iwo Jima, Fort Apache, and She Wore a Yellow Ribbon. In his later career he was the star of B movies, such as Tarantula, The Mole People, The Brain from Planet Arous, Revenge of the Creature, Flesh and the Spur and Hand of Death. He was the first husband of Shirley Temple.
Agar's career suffered in the wake of his divorce, but he developed a niche playing leading men in low-budget science fiction, Western, and horror movies in the 1950s and 1960s. John Wayne gave him several supporting roles in the late 1960s and early 1970s. In later years he worked extensively in television.
Agar was born in Chicago, Illinois, the son of Lillian (née Rogers) and John George Agar, a meat packer. His great aunt was Edna Gladney. He was educated at the Harvard School for Boys in Chicago  and Lake Forest Academy in Lake Forest, Illinois. He graduated from Trinity-Pawling Preparatory School in Pawling, New York, but did not attend college. He and his family moved from Chicago to Los Angeles in 1942, after his father's death.
In 1941, Agar joined the Navy Air Corps, had basic training in Texas, and instructed in physical training at March Field in Riverside, California. He was medically discharged from the Navy in 1943 due to an ear infection that affected his balance. He then enlisted in the United States Army Air Corps. He was a sergeant and a physical training instructor at the time he left the AAF in 1946.
After his marriage with Temple in 1945, her boss at the time, David O. Selznick, signed Agar to a five-year acting contract starting at $150 a week, including acting lessons. Agar made his film debut as Temple's love interest in Fort Apache (1948), a John Ford western for RKO starring John Wayne and Henry Fonda. It was a financial and critical success.
RKO used him in The Woman on Pier 13 (1950), an anti-communist drama that was a pet project of Howard Hughes. It was Agar's first movie without Temple, and he was billed after Robert Ryan and Laraine Day. It was another flop.
More successful was a reunion with Wayne and Ford, She Wore a Yellow Ribbon (1949), in which Agar played the romantic lead. It was a sizeable hit and has come to be regarded as a classic. Even more popular was the World War II film Sands of Iwo Jima (1949) where Agar supported John Wayne. Made by Republic Pictures, it was a sizeable hit, earning Wayne an Oscar nomination and getting Agar some good reviews. Toward the end of his life, Agar blamed John Wayne for getting him hooked on cigarettes and alcohol, two addictive habits that would later ruin his life.
In 1952 Agar was fired by Selznick for driving under the influence of alcohol, which affected his career with the large studios in Hollywood.
Agar had support roles in Bait (1954), a Hugo Haas drama with Cleo Moore; The Rocket Man (1954), a Charles Coburn comedy co-written by Lenny Bruce; and Shield for Murder (1954), a film noir starring and co-directed by Edmond O'Brien.
In 1954 Agar signed a seven-year contract with Universal. He began the association with Revenge of the Creature (1955), the popular first sequel to Creature from the Black Lagoon (1954); it was produced by William Alland and directed by Jack Arnold. He was borrowed by Lippert Pictures for The Lonesome Trail (1955), then, at Universal, made a second film for Haas with Cleo Moore, Hold Back Tomorrow (1955).
Agar made another science fiction film, Tarantula (1955), made by Alland and Arnold, which was popular and became a cult favorite.
Universal starred him in a Western, Star in the Dust (1956) with Mamie Van Doren and Richard Boone and produced by Albert Zugsmith. A new company, American International Pictures, borrowed Agar for a Western, Flesh and the Spur (1956) with Marla English and Mike Connors (billed as "Touch Connors"). Then he went back to Universal for The Mole People (1956), produced by Alland.
Agar's contract with Universal ended when he complained that he was tired of only doing science fiction roles. His final film with the studio was supporting Universal's Western star Audie Murphy in a comedy Joe Butterfly (1957).
Agar remained in demand for low budget science fiction, horror and Western films. He starred in The Daughter of Dr. Jekyll (1957) for Edgar G. Ulmer at Allied Artists, then made The Brain from Planet Arous (1957) for Howco International.
Agar starred in some low budget Westerns for Lippert's low budget Regal Films at Fox, Ride a Violent Mile (1958) and Frontier Gun (1958). He went to the Philippines to make Cavalry Command (1958) and did two for AIP, Jet Attack (1958) and Attack of the Puppet People (1958). He shot a television pilot in 1958 that was released as a feature film Destination Space (1959).
Agar could be seen in Journey to the Seventh Planet (1962) and Of Love and Desire (1963). He joined he ensemble casts in several low budget films for producer A.C. Lyles that were released by Paramount Pictures; The Young and The Brave (1963) with Rory Calhoun, Law of the Lawless (1963) starring Dale Robertson and William Bendix, Stage to Thunder Rock (1965) with Barry Sullivan and Marilyn Maxwell, Young Fury (1965) with Rory Calhoun and Lon Chaney Jr., Johnny Reno (1966) with Dana Andrews and Jane Russell, and Waco (1966) with Howard Keel, Jane Russell and Brian Donlevy.
Agar made some films for Larry Buchanan at AIP that were originally meant as made-for-television-movies, Curse of the Swamp Creature (1966), Zontar, the Thing from Venus (1966) and Hell Raiders (1968). He had the lead in Women of the Prehistoric Planet (1966) and Night Fright (1967).
Agar had small parts in some studio films like The St. Valentine's Day Massacre (1967) with Jason Robards Jr. and Ralph Meeker, and three more pictures in a row with John Wayne: The Undefeated (1969), Chisum (1970), and Big Jake (1971).
Agar's sister was a schoolmate of Shirley Temple. In 1944 Agar escorted Temple to a party held by her boss at the time, David O. Selznick. The two were married in 1945. Agar and Temple had a daughter together, Linda Susan Agar, born 1948 (who was later known as Susan Black, taking the surname of her stepfather, Charles Alden Black). However, the marriage foundered, in part because of Agar's drinking (he had been arrested for drunk driving) and in part because of pressures of their high public profile. Temple sued for divorce on the grounds of mental cruelty in 1949. The two were divorced on December 7, 1950. After the divorce, Agar had little contact with his daughter or with Temple.
Agar remarried in 1951 to model Loretta Barnett Combs (1922–2000). They tried to elope but officials refused to marry them for an hour because Agar had been drinking. They remained married for 49 years until her death in 2000. They had two sons, Martin Agar and John G. Agar, III.
In 1950 Agar was fined for reckless driving. In 1951 he was sentenced to five months in jail for drunk driving, and released on probation after 60 days. In 1953 Agar was again arrested for drunk driving, and sentenced to 120 days in prison. In 1960 he was again arrested for drunk driving.
Agar died on April 7, 2002, in Burbank, California from severe complications from emphysema. He was 81. He spent his last weeks confined to an iron lung. He was buried beside his wife at Riverside National Cemetery in Riverside, California.
As for being associated with science fiction B movies, Agar said, "I don't resent being identified with B science fiction movies at all", Agar later said. "Why should I? Even though they were not considered top-of-the-line, for those people that like sci-fi, I guess they were fun. My whole feeling about working as an actor is, if I give anybody any enjoyment, I'm doing my job, and that's what counts."
The television series Mystery Science Theater 3000 has made fun of several of Agar's films, including The Mole People, Women of the Prehistoric Planet and Revenge of the Creature.
- Fort Apache (1948) – Lieutenant Michael O'Rourke
- Adventure in Baltimore (1949) – Tom Wade
- I Married a Communist (1949) – Don Lowry
- She Wore a Yellow Ribbon (1949) – Lieutenant Flint Cohill
- Sands of Iwo Jima (1949) – PFC Peter Conway
- Breakthrough (1950) – Lieutenant Joe Mallory
- Along the Great Divide (1951) – Billy Shear
- The Magic Carpet (1951) – Abdullah al Husan / Dr. Ramoth / The Scarlet Falcon
- Woman of the North Country (1952) – David Powell
- Man of Conflict (1953) – Ray Compton
- Bait (1954) – Ray Brighton
- The Rocket Man (1954) – Tom Baxter
- Shield for Murder (1954) – Mark Brewster
- The Golden Mistress (1954) – Bill Buchanan
- Revenge of the Creature (1955) – Professor Clete Ferguson
- The Lonesome Trail (1955) – Johnny Rush
- Hold Back Tomorrow (1955) – Joe Cardos
- Tarantula (1955) – Doctor Matt Hastings
- Star in the Dust (1956) – Sheriff Bill Jorden
- Flesh and the Spur (1956) – 'Luke' Random / Matt Random
- The Mole People (1956) – Dr. Roger Bentley
- Joe Butterfly (1957) – Sergeant Dick Mason
- Daughter of Dr. Jekyll (1957) – George Hastings
- The Brain from Planet Arous (1957) – Steve March
- Ride a Violent Mile (1957) – Jeff Dunning
- The Day of the Trumpet (1958) – Sgt. Judd Norcutt
- Jet Attack (1958) – Capt. Tom Arnett
- Attack of the Puppet People (1958) – Bob Westley
- Frontier Gun (1958) – Jim Crayle
- Invisible Invaders (1959) – Major Bruce Jay
- Raymie (1960) – Ike
- Fall Girl (1961) – Joe McElroy
- Hand of Death (1962) – Alex Marsh
- Journey to the Seventh Planet (1962) – Capt. Don Graham
- The Young and The Brave (1963) – Intelligence officer
- Cavalry Command/PHL: "The Day of the Trumpet" (1963) – Sergeant Norcutt
- Of Love and Desire (1963) – Gus Cole
- Law of the Lawless (1964) – Pete Stone
- Stage to Thunder Rock (1964) – Dan Carrouthers
- Young Fury (1965) – Dawson
- Johnny Reno (1966) – Ed Tomkins
- Women of the Prehistoric Planet (1966) – Dr. Farrell
- Waco (1966) – George Gates
- Curse of the Swamp Creature (1966, TV Movie) – Barry Rogers
- Zontar, The Thing from Venus (1966) – Dr. Curt Taylor
- St. Valentine's Day Massacre (1967) – Dion O'Banion
- Night Fright (1967) – Sheriff Clint Crawford
- Hell Raiders (1968) – Maj. Ronald Paxton
- The Undefeated (1969) – Christian
- Chisum (1970) – Amos Patton
- Big Jake (1971) – Bert Ryan
- How's Your Love Life? (1971) – Police Lt. Rafferty
- King Kong (1976) – City Official
- Mr. No Legs (1979) – Police Capt. Hathaway
- Divided We Fall (1982) – Yankee Officer
- Attack of the B-Movie Monster (1985) – Dr. Ferguson
- Perfect Victims (1988) – Neighbor walking his dog
- Miracle Mile (1989) – Ivan Peters
- Nightbreed (1990) – Decker's Victim
- Fear (1990, TV Movie) – Leonard Scott Levy
- The Perfect Bride (1991, TV Movie) – Gramps
- Invasion of Privacy – (1992, TV Movie) – Old Convict
- Body Bags (1993, TV Movie) – Dr. Lang
- The Pandora Directive (1996) – Thomas Malloy
- The Naked Monster (2005) – Dr. Clete Ferguson (final film role)
- Perry Mason (1959) – episode – The Case of the Caretaker's Cat – murderer Kenneth Baxter
- Rawhide (1959) – episode – Incident at the Buffalo Smokehouse – Lon Grant
- Destination Space (1959) – unsold pilot
- Rawhide (1960) – episode – Incident of the Slavemaster – Mike Anderson
- Bat Masterson (1961) – episode – Farmer with a Badge – Sam Phelps
- Ripcord (1961) – episode – Chuting Stars – U.S. Navy Warrant Officer Frank Pierson
- Lawman (1962) – episode – The Witness – Jim Martin
- Death Valley Days (1963) – episode – Pioneer Doctor – Dr. Charles Edwards
- The Virginian (1964) – episode – Another's Footsteps – Tom Anders
- Branded (1965) – episode – $10,000 for Durango – The Sheriff
- Combat! (1966) – episode – The Mockingbird - Capt. Thorpe
- Family Affair (1967) – episode – What Did You Do in the West, Uncle? – Gabe
- Hondo (1967) – episode – Hondo and the Judas – Frank James
- The Virginian – episode – The Mustangers – Joe Williams
- Charlie's Angels (1976) – episode – Target: Angels – Col. Blaylock
- Highway to Heaven (1984) – episode – The Return of the Masked Rider – Morton Clay
- The Making of Sands of Iwo Jima (1993) – Video Documentary Short – Himself
- p. 14 Agar, John & Van Savage, L.C. On the Good Ship Hollywood BearManor Media; 1st Edition (July 11, 2007)
- "Chicago Harvard School". www.illinoishsglorydays.com.
- Edwards, Anne (2017). Shirley Temple: American Princess. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 163–164. ISBN 9781493026920. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
- p. 19 Agar, John & Van Savage, L.C. On the Good Ship Hollywood BearManor Media; 1st Edition (July 11, 2007)
- "Obituary: John Agar". the Guardian. April 13, 2002.
- John Agar Biography at Monster Shack accessed January 19, 2014
- Wilson, Scott (19 August 2016). Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed. McFarland. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-4766-2599-7. Retrieved January 17, 2021.
- Bergan, Ronald (12 April 2002). "John Agar". The Guardian. London, England: Guardian Media Group. Archived from the original on 19 July 2017. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
- "SHIRLEY'S HUBBY BECOMES ACTOR WITHOUT HELP". Tweed Daily. Vol. XXXIII, no. 174. New South Wales, Australia. 22 July 1946. p. 4. Retrieved 14 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "How John Agar wooed Shirley". The Sun. No. 2214. Sydney. 16 September 1945. p. 3 (SUPPLEMENT TO THE SUNDAY SUN). Retrieved 14 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- Willis, John (2004). Screen World 2003. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 355. ISBN 9781557835284. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
- Jewell, Richard; Harbin, Vernon (1982). The RKO Story. New Rochelle, New York: Arlington House. p. 228. ISBN 978-0517546567.
- Smith, Richard Harland. "Breakthrough". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
- p. 43 Agar, John & Van Savage, L.C. On the Good Ship Hollywood BearManor Media; 1st Edition (July 11, 2007)
- p. 11 Weaver, Tom John Agar Interview in McFarland Publishing (October 1, 1999)
- "Divorce for Shirley JOHN "FLIRTED, DRANK"". The Barrier Miner. Vol. LXII, no. 18.029. New South Wales, Australia. 8 December 1949. p. 13. Retrieved 14 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- Kristin McMurran, "Shirley Temple Black Taps Out a Telling Memoir of Child Stardom", People Magazine 28 November 1988 accessed 19 January 2014
- "Divorces". Billboard. December 16, 1950. p. 50. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
- "The bitter ending of a fairy-tale". The Australian Women's Weekly. Vol. 47, no. 39. 27 February 1980. p. 20. Retrieved 14 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "JOHN AGAR WEDS AGAIN". Brisbane Telegraph. 17 May 1951. p. 7 (CITY FINAL). Retrieved 14 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- Los Angeles Times obituary, April 9, 2002; accessed January 19, 2014
- "John Agar Fined in Driving Case". Los Angeles Times. 21 April 1950. p. 2.
- "JOHN AGAR CONVICTED". The Daily News. Vol. LXVIII, no. 23, 409. Western Australia. 22 April 1950. p. 5 (FIRST). Retrieved 14 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "John Agar Sentenced to Jail". New York Times. 28 August 1951. p. 21.
- "John Agar Gets 120 Days for Violating Probation". Chicago Daily Tribune. 31 January 1953. p. a8.
- "John Agar Fined for Drunk Driving". Los Angeles Times. 16 January 1960. p. B1.
- Critchlow, Donald T. (2013). When Hollywood Was Right: How Movie Stars, Studio Moguls, and Big Business Remade American Politics. pp. 172, 191. ISBN 9781107650282.
- "Topsy Turvy - The Young Fresh Fellows | Songs, Reviews, Credits | AllMusic" – via www.allmusic.com.
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