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Leśnica

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Leśnica

Leschnitz
Main Square
Flag
Coat of arms
Leśnica
Leśnica
Leśnica
Leśnica
Coordinates: 50°25′45″N 18°10′52″E / 50.42917°N 18.18111°E / 50.42917; 18.18111Coordinates: 50°25′45″N 18°10′52″E / 50.42917°N 18.18111°E / 50.42917; 18.18111
Country Poland
VoivodeshipOpole
CountyStrzelce Opolskie
GminaLeśnica
Established13th century
Town rights1217
Government
 • MayorŁukasz Jastrzembski
Area
 • Total14.45 km2 (5.58 sq mi)
Elevation
205 m (673 ft)
Population
 (2019-06-30[1])
 • Total2,556
 • Density180/km2 (460/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
47-150
Area code(s)+48 77
Car platesOST
WebsiteOfficial website

Leśnica [lɛɕˈɲit͡sa] (German: Leschnitz, 1936-45 Bergstadt) is a town in Poland. Since 1999 it has been in Strzelce Opolskie County in Opole Voivodship.

History

Baroque Holy Trinity church
Baroque Holy Trinity church

The oldest known mention of Leśnica comes from a 1217 document of Duke Casimir I of Opole. Its name is derived from the Polish word las ("forest").[2] The town was part of the Duchy of Opole of fragmented Poland, and remained ruled by the Piast dynasty until 1532. The town was destroyed in 1429 during the Hussite Wars. In 1532 incorporated into the Bohemian Crown Lands, in 1645 it passed to the Poles again under the House of Vasa, and in 1666 it fell back to Bohemia.

Under the Germanized name Leschnitz, it was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia in 1742 during the First Silesian War. The town was included in Landkreis Groß Strehlitz within the Prussian Province of Silesia in 1816. Leschnitz became part of the German Empire in 1871 during the unification of Germany. During the Nazi campaign of renaming of placenames, in 1936 while part of the Province of Upper Silesia, it was renamed Bergstadt ("mountain town") to remove traces of Polish origin. In 1945 it was placed under Polish administration according to the Potsdam Agreement and the historic name Leśnica was restored. Due to fact that no less than 20% of its population belongs to the German minority in Poland, the town uses bilingual Polish and German signs and language[3] – Polish remains official, German is the language of "assistance".[4][5]

Notable people

Twin towns – sister cities

See twin towns of Gmina Leśnica.

References

  1. ^ "Population. Size and structure and vital statistics in Poland by territorial divison in 2019. As of 30th June". stat.gov.pl. Statistics Poland. 2019-10-15. Retrieved 2020-02-14.
  2. ^ Heinrich Adamy, Die Schlesischen Ortsnamen ihre entstechung und bedeutung, 1888, p. 37 (in German)
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ Alena Kononowicz (December 22, 2015). "Cultural Heritage Protection Issues In Leśnica, The Settlement Of Wrocław". Sciendo - De Gruyter. Retrieved October 19, 2020.


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