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Leslie Landau

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Leslie Lesser Landau (28 November 1904 – 1977) was a British director, film producer, screenwriter, screenplay editor and playwright.[1] [2] He also served as the newsreel editor of British Movietone News from 1929 to 1935 at a time the power of newsreel from a political perspective was first used. He was honoured for landmark film journalism.[3]

Early life

Born in Fulham, London on 28 November 1904,[4] the son of Morris Marks Landau and Rose Bertha Friedlander, the daughter of Henry Lesser Friedlander, a manufacturing agent from Gunnersbury, London.[5] His father was a British financier with interests in South Africa and the United States.[6]

He was educated at Cheltenham College, before studying finance in Darmstadt. He returned to London in 1923, to join a private banking house in the City of London, however soon after accepted an offer to study the film business with Fox Film.[7]

Career

Whilst at Fox, Landau became involved with film editing and was promoted to the position of newsreel editor, eventually becoming a documentary director in 1934. His film career took a change of direction, with him entering into British cinema; his passion being the crime and mystery genre.[8]

Landau’s career in Fox Film had started in London in 1923. However he was soon chosen to participate in newsreel project projects both at home and overseas, recording key newsworthy events. He travelled extensively within Europe, and throughout South Africa, Australia and New Zealand between 1923 and 1929. He transferred to British Fox Movietone News, a Fox Film subsidiary at its inception in 1929.[9]

On 18 August 1930, the G.B. Movietone and News Theatre, the first news cinema in the UK opened its doors, with Landau, at the age of 25, as its first manager. Locally these establishments were referred to as newsreel theatre’s.[10] The venue was located at the Pavilion, 101 Shaftesbury Avenue, Piccadilly.[11] Landau had been granted permission to re-edit the standard newsreel releases.[12]

A view from Piccadilly Circus in 1949: on the left Eros News Theatre. On the right the London Pavilion has a "continuous performance".
A view from Piccadilly Circus in 1949: on the left Eros News Theatre. On the right the London Pavilion has a "continuous performance".

His next role in Movietone was as News Editor, followed by Associate Editor, reporting to Gerald Sanger from 1931. It was a time when censorship did not exist and presentation of politics on film was becoming a new influential medium of communication with voters. In the run up to the 1931 UK election he advised Ramsay MacDonald, to make a final last word to the electorate, explaining the propaganda benefits of film.[13]

In 1934 he worked with Vernon Bartlett to produce Europe Today. Europe Today won significant critical attention, and has been described as an impressive film in Sight & Sound with honors such as "a landmark in film journalism" in Vol. 3, 1934 (p34-35). Europe Today now forms part of the BFI National Archive.[14] It would have been a challenging time for Landau, being of Jewish origin, working within the British media, whose owners were either appeasers of sympathetic to gradual changes in Germany and the erosion of civil rights of his friends and relatives in continental Europe.

Such was his notability in London, that he was chosen by staff at Buckingham Palace to promote the life of the reigning monarch. Episodes of the life of King George V were sanctioned by Buckingham Palace to be edited by Landau to commemorate his 68th birthday.[15] This time Landau directed, whilst Sanger produced and John Drinkwater narrated.[16]

Fox Film ventured into British cinema, shortly before its merger with Twentieth Century Pictures, which presented an opportunity for Landau to leave newsreel behind and pursue his interest as a screenwriter. Fox Film appointed Landau to lead with the screenplay of The Riverside Murder.[17][18] There would be no return to newsreel, and a new life chapter had begun. He began dating actresses and grew fond of Effie Atherton who he later married. Landau went on to produce a number of films between 1935 and 1950.[19] He worked with directors such as Lance Comfort,[20] Albert Parker, Bernard Vorhaus, Harold French, Michael Powell, Alex Bryce, Campbell Gullan, Eugene Forde, and producers such as Warwick Ward.[21]

Landau spent the late 1930s in Hollywood as a producer for the Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation.[22] He returned to England a few months before the outbreak of World War II with his wife, who had previously embarked on a radio tour of the United States.[23] Back in London, he worked on propaganda fare during the World War II.[24] He subsequently joined Associated British Picture Corporation and worked as one of their film producers from 1947 to 1950.

In German sources, he has been associated with the release of a Harold French film, first aired in Germany in 1949 under the title of Strong Hearts. This is likely due to Landau’s command of the German language. The original UK title of the film is unknown.[25]

His genre as a writer, was crime and mystery.[26] His plays included Variations on a Theme in a Flat in 1934.[27] His play Portrait of Hickory debuted in 1948 at the Embassy Theatre in London and was also broadcast on the BBC. It was co-written with the Oxford-born novelist Adrian Alington.[28][29] In 1954 his play Inquest for a Hero, also co-written with Adrian Alington and produced by Henry Clayton, aired twice on the BBC.[30][31]

He is also credited as a producer of BBC Sunday-Night Theatre, consisting of a selection of television plays performed live. The series ran from 1950 to 1959. [32]

Personal life

He married Effie Atherton, a British singer, dancer, film actress, and musical comedy performer, who moved into prime time musical shows on British radio in the 1930s.[33] They had three children: Penelope, Michael, and Caroline.[34][35][36]

Landau died in Westminster in 1977.[37] His death is registered under the name “Landeau”.

Filmography

Year Film Credit Notes
1934 The King, God Bless Him Director [15] A U.S. production written and narrated by John Drinkwater. Alternative names King George V and The First Film Biography of King George V [38]
1935 The Riverside Murder Unit producer The screenplay was written by Selwyn Jepson based on the novel by Stanislas-André Steeman. The film is in the public domain.[39]
1935 Dark World Executive producer Produced and written. This is now considered a lost film.[40]
1935 The Love Test Executive producer[41] Some sources have referred to it as The Love Nest.[42]
1936 Wedding Group Executive producer Released in the US under the title Wrath of Jealousy.[43]
1937 The Lady Escapes Executive producer[44] Based on a play by the Hungarian novelist Jenö Heltai.[45][46]
1948 My Brother Jonathan Writer / screenplay[47] Co-written with Adrian Alington from the novel by Francis Brett Young.[48]
1950 Portrait of Clare Executive producer, Writer[49] Co-written with Adrian Alington from the novel by Francis Brett Young[50]

Television

Year TV Production Credit Notes
1954 Inquest on a Hero[51] Script [52][53]

Ancestry

His paternal ancestors changed their name from Brajtsztajn to Landau. Both his paternal and maternal ancestors observed the Jewish faith. His paternal grandfather lived in what is today known as Piątek, Łódź Voivodeship, a village in central Poland, and relocated with his wife and newborn son (Landau's father) to Dublin in the 1870s.[54]

His father, accompanied by a younger brother journeyed to Southern Africa in the 19th century; and after a series of successful enterprises became general traders north of the Limpopo River, having first established a presence in Bulawayo.[55] His father, once he became a successful businessman, choose to relocate to London, where Landau and his siblings were born. His father, who retained interests in South Africa, subsequently emigrated to California with Landau's American born stepmother, Evelyn Stark, and his half siblings in 1937.

References

  1. ^ "BFI entry for Leslie Landau".
  2. ^ Gifford, Denis, ed. (2001). British Film Catalogue: Two Volume Set - The Fiction Film/The Non Fiction Film, Volume 1. ISBN 9781317740636.
  3. ^ "Sight and Sound, Volumes 3-4, refers to him as "the enterprising Leslie Landau", editor of "Europe Today"". 1934. p. 114.
  4. ^ "England & Wales, Birth Registration for Leslie Landau". Ancestry.com.
  5. ^ "England & Wales, Marriage Registration for Rose Bertha Friedlander and Morris Landau". Ancestry.com.
  6. ^ "Obituary for his father Morris Marks Landau". Los Angeles Times. 1949.
  7. ^ "British Film and Television Yearbook, Volume 9". British and American Film Press. 1959.
  8. ^ Rubinstein, W; Jolles, Michael A.; Rubinstein, Hillary L., eds. (2011). The Palgrave Dictionary of Anglo-Jewish History. ISBN 9780230304666.
  9. ^ "The Film Daily Product Guide and Director's Annual (Leslie Landau Biography)". 1937. p. 229.
  10. ^ Researcher's Guide to British Newsreels, vol. 1, British Universities Film & Video Council, 1983, p. 21, ISBN 9780901299321, Since 1930 this theatre, managed by Leslie Landau, has acted as a nursery for news theatre managers
  11. ^ "The UKs first Movietone and News Theatre, managed by Landau".
  12. ^ "Shaftesbury Pavilion News Theatre and Landau's initial role".
  13. ^ Hollins, Timothy John (1981). "The Presentation of Politics - The place of party publicity, broadcasting and film in British Politics, 1918-1939 (refers to Movietone News Editor - Leslie Landau)" (PDF). pp. 668–673.
  14. ^ "Sight and Sound Vol. 3. Article on British Movietone".
  15. ^ a b Drinkwater, John (1935). "Leslie Landau, then editor of Movietone News, under sanction of Buckingham Palace captured episodes of the life of King George V, preceding his 68th birthday. This was exhibited at the Movietone News Theatre in Shaftesbury Avenue, Piccadilly".
  16. ^ Webb, Graham (13 July 2020). The King, God bless him: Encyclopedia of American Short Films, 1926-1959. p. 299. ISBN 9781476681184.
  17. ^ Pitts, Michael R. (31 December 2018). Thrills Untapped: Neglected Horror, Science Fiction and Fantasy Films, 1928-1936. p. 215. ISBN 9781476632896.
  18. ^ Low, Rachael, ed. (26 March 2020). The History of British Film (Volume 7): Film Making in 1930's Britain. p. 233,269,369. ISBN 9781136206962.
  19. ^ "L Landau filmography between 1935 and 1937".
  20. ^ McFarlane, Brian (1999). Lance Comfort (reference to L Landau working with Lance Comfort). ISBN 9781526130495.
  21. ^ Quinlan, David (1985). British Sound Films: The Studio Years 1928-1959. ISBN 9780389205395.
  22. ^ "Leslie Landau, one of 13 or Hollywood's 20th Century Fox producers".
  23. ^ "Effie Atherton tours U.S. with Jack Hylton (photo)". Missouri Herald, March 6. 1936.
  24. ^ "Leslie Landau (screenplay editor) with his wife, actress, Effie Atherton in 1939 with English actress and singer Gertrude Lawrence (1898 – 1952, nearest camera) and her dining companions aboard RMS Queen Mary in March 1939. Clockwise, from Lawrence: script and screenplay writer Leslie L. Landau, Mr and Mrs Cuthber Stewart, Mrs Effie Landau (nee Atherton) and theatrical impressario [sic] Bertie Meyer".
  25. ^ "English movies adapted for the German market post WW2".
  26. ^ N. A. N. A (25 December 2015). Twentieth Century Crime & Mystery Writers: Leslie Landau. p. 867. ISBN 9781349813667.
  27. ^ "The Theatres, The Times, Monday, Dec. 4, 1933, Issue Number 46618, Arts and Sports Section". The Times of London. 1933. p. 12.
  28. ^ "The Times Obituary for Adrian Alington in 1958 refers to his collaboration with Leslie Landau".
  29. ^ "Portrait of Hickory, a play by Leslie Landau and Adrian Alington".
  30. ^ "L Landau's play, "Inquest for a Hero" was aired on the BBC in 1954".
  31. ^ "The Theatres, The Times, Monday, Nov. 29, 1954. Issue: 53101. Arts and Sports Section". The Times of London. 1954.
  32. ^ "BBC Sunday-Night Theatre (1950–1959). A series of television plays performed live". IMDb.
  33. ^ "Effie Atherton performs at a California Society event as Mrs Leslie Landau".
  34. ^ "Birth announcements in The Times, Effie Atherton, wife of Leslie Landau, a daughter, (Los Angeles Papers please copy), Wednesday, May 22, 1940. Issue Number 48622". The Times of London. 1940. p. 1.
  35. ^ "Birth announcements in The Times, Effie Atherton, wife of Leslie Landau, a son, (South African Papers please copy), Tuesday, Mar. 31, 1942. Issue Number: 49198". The Times of London. 1942. p. 1.
  36. ^ "Birth announcements in The Times, Effie Atherton, wife of Leslie Landau, a daughter, Thursday, Sept. 18, 1947 in Old Windsor. Issue Number: 50869". The Times of London. 1947. p. 1.
  37. ^ "England & Wales, Civil Registration Death Index, 1916–2007". Ancestry.com.
  38. ^ "Landau directed The King, God Bless Him".
  39. ^ "The Riverside Murder". archive.org.
  40. ^ "List of British Film that are missing, presumed lost, which includes The Dark World".
  41. ^ Low, Rachael, ed. (26 March 2020). The History of British Film (Volume 7): Film Making in 1930's Britain. p. 350. ISBN 9781136206894.
  42. ^ Michael Powell (2003). David Lazar (ed.). Michael Powell Interviews. University Press of Mississippi. ISBN 9781578064984. The Love Nest. Producer: Leslie Landau
  43. ^ Quinlan, David, ed. (1997). The Film Lover's Companion: An A to Z Guide to 2,000 Stars and the Movies They Made (4 ed.). Carol Publishing Group. p. 270. ISBN 9780806518923.
  44. ^ "The Lady Escapes, Leslie L Landau". Wichita Daily Times, Texas, August 8. 1937. p. 25.
  45. ^ "Leslie Landau, producer of The Lady Escapes".
  46. ^ Smith, Don G. (8 March 2004). Lon Chaney, Jr.: Horror Film Star, 1906-1973. p. 204. ISBN 9780786418138.
  47. ^ "My Brother Jonathan". Washington Evening Star, November 18. 1950.
  48. ^ "BBC Radio Times programme from 1981. The film was part of a Saturday Cinema double bill. Leslie Landau listed in credits in article". BBC Radio Times. Issue 3026. 5 November 1981. p. 25.
  49. ^ "Portrait of Clare, produced by Leslie Landau". U.S. Library of Congress Catalogue of Copyright Entries. 1950.
  50. ^ McFarlane, Brian (1999). Lance Comfort. p. 193. ISBN 9780719054846.
  51. ^ "Inquest on a Hero, a BBC TV production in 1954".
  52. ^ "Inquest on a Hero, aired on the BBC on 28 November 1954". Radio Times. 1954.
  53. ^ "Inquest on a Hero, aired on the BBC on 2 December 1954". Radio Times. 1954.
  54. ^ "Ancestry of Leslie Landau".
  55. ^ "South African Industry & Trade, Volume 11, refers to "Landau Bros" (Philip David Landau and Morris Marks Landau , trading as ) , Bulawayo, Salisbury and elsewhere". 1917.
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