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Lichynia

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Lichynia
Village
Mass grave of Polish insurgents murdered by the Germans in 1921
Lichynia
Lichynia
Lichynia
Lichynia
Coordinates: 50°25′N 18°13′E / 50.417°N 18.217°E / 50.417; 18.217Coordinates: 50°25′N 18°13′E / 50.417°N 18.217°E / 50.417; 18.217
CountryPoland Poland
VoivodeshipOpole
CountyStrzelce
GminaLeśnica
First mentioned1223
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationOST
Websitehttps://web.archive.org/web/20090328093909/http://lichynia.info/

Lichynia [liˈxɨɲa] (German: Lichinia) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Leśnica, within Strzelce County, Opole Voivodeship, in southern Poland.[1] It lies approximately 3 kilometres (2 mi) south-east of Leśnica, 11 km (7 mi) south-west of Strzelce Opolskie, and 35 km (22 mi) south-east of the regional capital Opole.

History

The oldest known mention of the village comes from 1223, when it was part of Piast-ruled Poland.

In the 18th century, the village was annexed by Prussia, and from 1871 it was also part of Germany. In the late 19th century, it had a population of 728.[2] During the Third Silesian Uprising, in 1921, the village was the site of a German massacre of captured Polish insurgents.[3] In 1936, the German administration renamed the village Lichtenforst to erase traces of Polish origin. The village became again part of Poland following Germany's defeat in World War II, and its historic name was restored.

References

  1. ^ "Central Statistical Office (GUS) - TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01.
  2. ^ Słownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego i innych krajów słowiańskich, Tom V (in Polish). Warszawa. 1884. p. 212.
  3. ^ "Kędzierzyn-Koźle". Opolski Szlak Powstań (in Polish). Retrieved 15 May 2021.


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Lichynia
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