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A municipality (Georgian: მუნიციპალიტეტი, romanized: munitsip'alit'et'i) is a subdivision of Georgia, consisting of a settlement or a group of settlements, which enjoy local self-government. There are two types of municipalities—self-governing cities (ქალაქი, kalaki), 5 in total, and self-governing communities (თემი, temi), 67 in total, as of January 2019.
The municipalities were first established in 2006. Most of them were successors to the earlier subdivisions, known as raioni (რაიონი), "districts". In addition, new municipalities were formed to govern those settlements in the disputed entities of Abkhazia and South Ossetia that then remained under Georgia's control. After the Russo-Georgian War of 2008, Georgia treats these municipalities as parts of its occupied territories. The former districts not under Georgia's effective sovereignty at the moment of the local government reform of 2006 were not transformed into municipalities. Rather, the laws of Georgia include a notion that the final mode of subdivision and system of local self-government should be established after the restoration of the state jurisdiction over the occupied territories. Each municipality is divided into administrative units (ადმინისტრაციული ერთეული), which can comprise one or several settlements.
The municipalities outside the two autonomous republics of Adjara and of Abkhazia and the capital city of Tbilisi are grouped, on a provisional basis, into nine regions (mkhare): Guria, Imereti, Kakheti, Kvemo Kartli, Mtskheta-Mtianeti, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti, Samtskhe-Javakheti, and Shida Kartli.
|Municipality as of 2019||Corresponding district as of 2006||Population |
|Tbilisi, City of||1,113,000|
|Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia*||n.a.****|
|1. Azhara (Upper Abkhazia), Community of*||n.a.****|
|Autonomous Republic of Adjara||337,000|
|1. Batumi, City of||154,600|
|2. Keda, Community of||Keda District||16,900|
|3. Kobuleti, Community of||Kobuleti District||75,200|
|4. Khelvachauri, Community of||Khelvachauri District||51,700|
|5. Khulo, Community of||Khulo District||23,500|
|6. Shuakhevi, Community of||Shuakhevi District||15,100|
|Region of Guria||113,000|
|1. Chokhatauri, Municipality of||Chokhatauri District||18,900|
|2. Lanchkhuti, Community of||Lanchkhuti District||31,500|
|3. Ozurgeti, Community of||Ozurgeti District||48,000|
|Region of Imereti||532,900|
|1. Kutaisi, City of||147,900|
|2. Baghdati, Community of||Baghdati District||21,500|
|3. Vani, Community of||Vani District||24,500|
|4. Zestaponi, Community of||Zestaponi District||57,500|
|5. Terjola, Community of||Terjola District||35,400|
|6. Samtredia, Community of||Samtredia District||48,500|
|7. Sachkhere, Community of**||Sachkhere District**||37,800|
|8. Tkibuli, Community of||Tkibuli District||20,600|
|9. Tsqaltubo, Community of||Tskkaltubo District||56,600|
|10. Chiatura, Community of||Chiatura District||39,800|
|11. Kharagauli, Community of||Kharagauli District||19,400|
|12. Khoni, Community of||Khoni District||23,400|
|Region of Kakheti||318,400|
|1. Akhmeta, Community of||Akhmeta District||31,700|
|2. Gurjaani, Community of||Gurjaani District||53,900|
|3. Dedoplis Tskaro, Community of||Dedoplis Tskaro District||21,100|
|4. Telavi, Community of||Telavi District||38,700|
|5. Lagodekhi, Community of||Lagodekhi District||41,800|
|6. Sagarejo, Community of||Sagarejo District||52,200|
|7. Sighnaghi, Community of||29,600|
|8. Qvareli, Community of||Qvareli District||29,800|
|Region of Mtskheta-Mtianeti||94,200|
|1. Akhalgori, Community of**||Akhalgori District**||n.a.***|
|2. Dusheti, Community of||Dusheti District||25,400|
|3. Tianeti, Community of||Tianeti District||9,300|
|4. Mtskheta, Community of||Mtskheta District||47,800|
|5. Kazbegi, Community of||Kazbegi District||3,800|
|Region of Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti||31,500|
|1. Ambrolauri, Community of||Ambrolauri District||8,900|
|2. Lentekhi, Community of||Lentekhi District||4,400|
|3. Oni, Community of**||Oni District**||6,000|
|4. Tsageri, Community of||Tsageri District||10,200|
|Region of Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti||329,700|
|1. Poti, City of||41,500|
|2. Abasha, Community of||Abasha District||22,100|
|3. Zugdidi, Community of||Zugdidi District||62,500|
|4. Martvili, Community of||Martvili District||33,300|
|5. Mestia, Community of||Mestia District||9,400|
|6. Senaki, Community of||Senaki District||39,500|
|7. Chkhorotsku, Community of||District||22,200|
|8. Tsalenjikha, Community of||Tsalenjikha District||26,100|
|9. Khobi, Community of||Khobi District||30,400|
|Region of Samtskhe-Javakheti||160,500|
|1. Adigeni, Community of||Adigeni District||16,500|
|2. Aspindza, Community of||Aspindza District||10,400|
|3. Akhalkalaki, Community of||Akhalkalaki District||45,200|
|4. Akhaltsikhe, Community of||Akhaltsikhe District||20,800|
|5. Borjomi, Community of||Borjomi District||25,100|
|6. Ninotsminda, Community of||Ninotsminda District||24,500|
|Region of Kvemo Kartli||426,400|
|1. Rustavi, City of||126,000|
|2. Bolnisi, Community of||Bolnisi District||53,800|
|3. Gardabani, Community of||Gardabani District||82,300|
|4. Dmanisi, Community of||Dmanisi District||19,100|
|5. Tetri Tsqaro, Community of||Tetritsqaro District||21,000|
|6. Marneuli, Community of||Marneuli District||105,300|
|7. Tsalka, Community of||Tsalka District||18,900|
|Region of Shida Kartli||263,800|
|1. Gori, Community of**||Gori District**||77,800***|
|2. Kaspi, Community of||Kaspi District||43,700|
|3. Kareli, Community of**||Kareli District**||41,300***|
|4. Khashuri, Community of||Khashuri District||52,700|
|5. Eredvi, Community of**||n.a.****|
|6. Tighva, Community of**||n.a.****|
|7. Kurta, Community of**||n.a.****|
*– The territories of Abkhazia outside Georgia's control and defined by Georgia as "occupied territories" as of 2015.
**– Municipalities which include at least some settlements in South Ossetia outside Georgia's control and defined by Georgia as "occupied territories" as of 2015.
***– Official statistics available only for those parts of the municipalities that are controlled by Georgia.
****– Official statistics are not available for the territories not under Georgia's control (Abkhazia and South Ossetia).
- "Registry of Municipalities". National Agency of Public Registry. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
- "ტერიტორიული მოწყობა და მმართველობა [Territorial Structure and Government]". Administration of the President of Georgia. Archived from the original on 10 July 2015. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
- "ადგილობრივი თვითმმართველობის კოდექსი [Code of Local Self-Government]". Organic law No. 1958-IIს of 5 February 2014 (in Georgian). Retrieved 9 July 2015.
- "Transparency remains a challenge for self-governing cities". Transarency International Georgia. 28 October 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
- "GeoStat.Ge". www.geostat.ge. Retrieved 2017-02-24.
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