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Mérignac, Gironde

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Mérignac
Castle of Bourran
Coat of arms
Location of Mérignac
Mérignac
Mérignac
Mérignac
Mérignac
Coordinates: 44°50′19″N 0°38′37″W / 44.8386°N 0.6436°W / 44.8386; -0.6436Coordinates: 44°50′19″N 0°38′37″W / 44.8386°N 0.6436°W / 44.8386; -0.6436
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentGironde
ArrondissementBordeaux
CantonMérignac-1 and 2
IntercommunalityBordeaux Métropole
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Alain Anziani (PS)
Area
1
48.17 km2 (18.60 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
70,813
 • Density1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
33281 /33700
Elevation12–53 m (39–174 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Mérignac (French pronunciation: ​[meʁiɲak]) is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. The 20th-century historian Robert Étienne (1921–2009) was born in Mérignac.

It is the largest suburb of the city of Bordeaux and adjoins it to the west. It is a member of the Bordeaux Métropole.

Mérignac is the site of Bordeaux International Airport.

Etymology

The name Mérignac derives from the Gallo-Roman word Matriniacus, name of a villa rustica (countryside villa) that was the origin of today's town.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 2,511—    
1800 2,427−0.48%
1806 3,039+3.82%
1821 2,764−0.63%
1831 3,097+1.14%
1836 3,034−0.41%
1841 3,276+1.55%
1846 3,264−0.07%
1851 3,648+2.25%
1856 3,910+1.40%
1861 4,284+1.84%
1866 4,450+0.76%
1872 4,265−0.71%
1876 4,967+3.88%
1881 5,162+0.77%
1886 5,735+2.13%
1891 6,159+1.44%
1896 6,713+1.74%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 7,052+0.99%
1906 7,421+1.03%
1911 7,594+0.46%
1921 9,515+2.28%
1926 11,939+4.64%
1931 15,363+5.17%
1936 17,034+2.09%
1946 21,417+2.32%
1954 23,050+0.92%
1962 32,355+4.33%
1968 45,951+6.02%
1975 50,652+1.40%
1982 51,306+0.18%
1990 57,273+1.38%
1999 61,992+0.88%
2007 66,002+0.79%
2012 66,660+0.20%
2017 70,105+1.01%
Source: EHESS[2] and INSEE (1968-2017)[3]

Sights

  • Tour de Veyrines : Veyrines Dungeon.
  • Château Bourran : Bourran Castle
  • Château Le Burck : Le Burck Castle
  • Château or Maison Noble du Parc or d'Espagne : Parc Castle or Spain Castle
  • Fontaine d'Arlac : Arlac Fountain
  • Immeuble Gillet : Gillet Building
  • La glacière : the icehouse
  • La vieille église : the old Roman church
  • Maison carrée d'Arlac : Peychotte's folly (Square House) in Arlac

Parks and gardens

  • Parc de Bourran :
  • Bois du Burck : Burck wood
  • Parc de Mérignac :
  • Parc Saint-Exupéry :
  • Parc du Vivier : the wood around the city hall

Education

The commune has about 5,000 students in the primary and secondary schools in its city. Schools include:[4]

  • 15 public and private preschools[5]
  • 15 public and private elementary schools[6]
  • Four junior high schools: Collège de Bourran, Collège de Capeyron, Collège Jules-Ferry, Collège des Eyquems[7]
  • Two senior high schools: Lycée Fernand Daguin and Lycée professionnel Marcel Dassault[8]

Twin towns – sister cities

Mérignac is twinned with:[9]

See also

Notable inhabitants

References

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Mérignac, EHESS. (in French)
  3. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  4. ^ "Scolarité des 3 – 11 ans." Mérignac, Gironde. Retrieved on September 6, 2016. "Quelque 5 000 enfants sont scolarisés dans la ville."
  5. ^ "Ecoles maternelles." Mérignac, Gironde. Retrieved on September 6, 2016. "La ville compte une quinzaine d’écoles maternelles, publiques et privées[...]"
  6. ^ "Ecoles élémentaires." Mérignac, Gironde. Retrieved on September 6, 2016. "La ville compte une quinzaine d’écoles élémentaires, publiques et privées,[..."
  7. ^ "Collèges." Mérignac, Gironde. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  8. ^ "Lycées." Mérignac, Gironde. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  9. ^ "Relations Internationales". merignac.com (in French). Mérignac. Retrieved 2019-11-19.


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Mérignac, Gironde
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