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Margarito Flores García

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Saint
Margarito Flores García
Born(1899-02-22)February 22, 1899
Taxco de Alarcón
DiedNovember 12, 1927(1927-11-12) (aged 28)
Tulimán
Venerated inCatholic Church
BeatifiedNovember 22, 1992, St. Peter's Basilica by John Paul II
CanonizedMay 21, 2000, St. Peter's Square by John Paul II
Major shrineTaxco de Alarcón
Feast12 November
Attributespalm

Margarito Flores García (February 22, 1899 — November 12, 1927) was a priest of the Catholic Church and was canonized a saint in 2000. While operating in Chilpancingo-Chilapa as a priest, he was persecuted during anti-Catholicism begun during the Mexican revolution and died a martyr.[1][2][3][4][5]

Biography

Margarito Flores García was born on February 22, 1899 to Germán Flores and García Merced at Taxco de Alarcón in the Mexican state of Guerrero.[6] From a young age, he was forced to labor in the fields due to help support his poverty-stricken family. [3] At 15 he began studying in the seminary at Chilopie.[3].[6]

Garcia received Holy Orders from Bishop José Guadalupe Ortiz on April 5, 1924.[6][5] He celebrated his first mass at his hometown church of Santa Prisca y San Sebastian on April 20, 1924.[6] Initially, he ministered in the Chilopie seminary performing the role of vicar[3][2] while effectively preventing the expansion of breakaway sects.[2] Soon, the persecution of Catholics intensified. In 1926, President Plutoco Elías Calles published a government decree requiring priests to leave parish ministry and live in the cities in order to be monitored by the federal government. Garcia was inspired to stay in the region after the martyrdom of David Uribe Velasco.[7] Velasco chose to minister clandestinely where the church was undergoing intensive attacks and where its people were in the greatest danger.[8][2]

In the same year – under the influence of increasing repression – the clergy were moved from Chilpancingo to Tecapulco.[6] García continued his studies at the Academia de San Carlos.[9] He was arrested in June of the following year (1927) and imprisoned along with members of the "League for the Defense of Religious Liberty".[citation needed] After intervention by the family of General Roberto Cruz, he was released.[6] In November, according to a complex request, he was sent to minister as pastor of the parish in the village of Atenango del Río.[2] Prior to Garcia's arrival in the village, local government authorities had already killed every other priest located in the town. Shortly after his arrival in the village, García was arrested and dragged on a rope in front of the general in Tulimán.[2] He was shot to death on November 12, 1927 by government forces. Police commissioner Crus Pineda had tried to help the priest, but he was shot and killed by federal authorities at a later date. [2]

Investigation into the heroic sanctity of Garcia's life began in his local diocese in 1933 and was completed in 1988.[10] Margarito Flores Garcia's death was the result of hatred for the faith.[11] García was beatified in the Catholic Church by Pope John Paul II on 22 November 1992 at the Vatican in St. Peter's Basilica.[7][5] He was canonized, along with St. Cristóbal Magallanes Jara and companions, on May 21, 2000 in St. Peter's Square by John Paul II.

In 1925, the relics of García were moved to a chapel in his home parish of Taxco.[6]

García's liturgical memorial is celebrated at the level of a commemoration in dies natalis (12 November).[5]

References

  1. ^ Henry Fros; Francis Sowa (2007). Book of names and saints. 6. Krakow: WAM. p. 452. ISBN 978-83-7318-736-8.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Henry Fros; Francis Sowa (2007). Book of names and saints. 6. Krakow: WAM. p. 458. ISBN 978-83-7318-736-8.
  3. ^ a b c d Henry Fros; Francis Sowa (2007). Book of names and saints. 6. Krakow: WAM. p. 457. ISBN 978-83-7318-736-8.
  4. ^ Mario Agnes; Czeslaw stick (eds.). "Twenty-five Mexican martyrs". L'Osservatore Romano. L'Osservatore Romano. Number 1/1993 (149) Year XIV: 15.
  5. ^ a b c d Gianpiero Pettiti (2008-12-29). "San Margarito Flores Garcia Sacerdote e martire" (in Italian). Retrieved 2013-05-17.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "San Margarito Flores García" (in Spanish). Diocesan Commission canonization. The Archdiocese of Guadalajara. Mexico. Retrieved 2013-05-17.
  7. ^ a b "Margarito Flores García" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2013-05-17.
  8. ^ Henry Fros; Francis Sowa (2007). Book of names and saints. 6. Krakow: WAM. p. 451. ISBN 978-83-7318-736-8.
  9. ^ "San Margarito Flores, sacerdote" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2013-05-17.
  10. ^ Henry Fros; Francis Sowa (2007). Book of names and saints. 6. Krakow: WAM. p. 459. ISBN 978-83-7318-736-8.
  11. ^ Cite error: The named reference fact was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
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