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Poręba

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Poręba
18th-century industrial tower in Poręba
Poręba
Poręba
Poręba
Poręba
Coordinates: 50°29′34″N 19°20′1″E / 50.49278°N 19.33361°E / 50.49278; 19.33361Coordinates: 50°29′34″N 19°20′1″E / 50.49278°N 19.33361°E / 50.49278; 19.33361
Country Poland
VoivodeshipSilesian
CountyZawiercie
GminaPoręba (urban gmina)
Area
 • Total40.04 km2 (15.46 sq mi)
Population
 (2019-06-30[1])
 • Total8,525
 • Density210/km2 (550/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
42-480
Vehicle registrationSZA
Websitehttp://www.umporeba.pl/

Poręba [pɔˈrɛmba] is a town in Zawiercie County, Silesian Voivodeship, Poland, with 8,525 inhabitants (2019). The town has the area of 40 km2 (15 sq mi), and lies along National Road Nr. 78; it also has a rail station on a line from Miasteczko Śląskie to Zawiercie. Almost half of Poręba's area (49%) is covered by forests.

History

Poręba belongs to Lesser Poland, and until 1795 (see Partitions of Poland), it was part of the Kraków Voivodeship of the Lesser Poland Province of the Polish Crown. First mention of the Poręba settlement comes from 1375, and at that time, it was called Black Poręba,[2] located by a lake called Black Lake. Until the 16th century, the area was sparsely populated, and covered by dense woods. The development of industry resulted in influx of settlers, and in the 16th century Poręba became a center of early steel and iron plants. The village belonged at that time to the Pilecki family. In 1795, after the Third Partition of Poland, it was annexed by Prussia. The first blast furnace was built in 1798 by efforts of Count Łukasz Bniński [pl]. In 1806 the village was regained by Poles, and included within the short-lived Polish Duchy of Warsaw, and in 1815, it became part of Russian-controlled Congress Poland, and Poręba further developed, becoming a local industrial center.[2]

In 1918 Poręba returned to the re-created Poland, and in the Second Polish Republic, the settlement belonged to Kielce Voivodeship. During World War II, Poręba was occupied by Germany from 1939 to 1945. Poręba developed further in the 1950s, when local metal plant began manufacturing machine tools. A vocational school was opened in 1946, which in the late 1960s moved into a new complex.[2] Furthermore, in the 1960s, a recreational center for local workers was built. In 1975–1982, Poręba was a district of Zawiercie.

In 2008, Triassic turtle remains were discovered in the area.[3]

Sports

The local football club is MKS Poręba.[4] It competes in the lower leagues.

Cuisine

Prażonki is a traditional regional dish originating from Poręba.[5] It is prepared from potatoes, onions, kiełbasa, bacon, lard, salt, pepper and cabbage.[5] Other officially protected traditional foods from Poręba are kiełbasa porębska, a local type of kiełbasa,[6] and szynka wieprzowa parzona porębska, a local type of steamed ham (as designated by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Poland).[7]

Twin towns – sister cities

Poręba is twinned with:[8]

References

  1. ^ "Population. Size and structure and vital statistics in Poland by territorial division in 2019. As of 30th June". stat.gov.pl. Statistics Poland. 2019-10-15. Retrieved 2020-03-21.
  2. ^ a b c "History of Poręba" (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2012-09-17. Retrieved 2012-10-16.
  3. ^ "Polish scientists discovered the world's oldest turtle fossils". PAP. 24 September 2012. Archived from the original on 12 October 2012. Retrieved 17 October 2012.
  4. ^ "Klub Piłki Nożnej MKS Poręba" (in Polish). Retrieved 22 November 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Porębskie prażonki". Ministerstwo Rolnictwa i Rozwoju Wsi - Portal Gov.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  6. ^ "Kiełbasa porębska". Ministerstwo Rolnictwa i Rozwoju Wsi - Portal Gov.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  7. ^ "Szynka wieprzowa parzona porębska". Ministerstwo Rolnictwa i Rozwoju Wsi - Portal Gov.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  8. ^ "Miasta partnerskie". umporeba.pl (in Polish). Poręba. Retrieved 2020-03-21.
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Poręba
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