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|The Last Flight|
|Directed by||William Dieterle|
|Produced by||Mac Julian|
|Based on||Single Lady|
by John Monk Saunders
|Music by||Leo F. Forbstein|
|Edited by||Alexander Hall|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros. Pictures|
The Last Flight (aka Single Lady and Spent Bullets) is a 1931 American pre-Code ensemble cast film, starring Richard Barthelmess, David Manners, John Mack Brown and Helen Chandler. It was directed by German filmmaker William Dieterle in his debut as an English-language film director.
Modern sources consider The Last Flight one of the few cinematic treatments of "The Lost Generation." The scarred young World War I veterans have opted out of society to drink indefinitely and almost continuously in Paris with the vivacious and beautiful woman they have befriended.
After World War I, pilots Cary Lockwood (Richard Barthelmess), Shep Lambert (David Manners), Bill Talbot (John Mack Brown)and Francis (Elliott Nugent) band together in Paris. Feeling they have no future, the men are constantly drunk. One night, as they make the rounds of nightclubs, they meet Nikki (Helen Chandler), a wealthy but aimless woman, who they invite into their group. Later, when an American reporter named Frink (Walter Byron) makes a pass at Nikki, she shows no interest in him.
The ex-flyers move to Nikki's hotel where they continue drinking. Nikki is attracted to Cary She tags along when he goes to the Père Lachaise Cemetery where he tells her the story of Héloïse and Abelard, star-crossed lovers who are buried there. When Nikki starts to cry, Cary is sympathetic until she announces that she now has names for her two turtles. With that, Cary suddenly gets angry and decides to leave for Portugal.
After learning of his plans, Nikki and the others, including Frink, follow him. On the train, Frink tries to force himself on Nikki but the other men come to her rescue. At a bullfight in Lisbon, Bill rashly leaps into the ring and is fatally gored. With Bill at the hospital, the others visit a carnival where outside a shooting gallery, Cary and Frink quarrel and Frink threatens to shoot Cary.
Without thinking, Francis shoots Frink while Shep is fatally wounded in the crossfire. Frightened, Francis disappears and the group is forever split asunder. Cary explains to Nikki that after the war, all they had left was their comradeship. She begs to stay with him.
The film's pre-release titles were Spent Bullets and Single Lady. The novel, Single Lady by John Monk Saunders is based on a series of stories featuring the character "Nikki," which were published in Liberty Weekly (November 15, 1930-January 17, 1931) as Nikki and Her War Birds.
This was German-born director William Dieterle's first English language picture. Since the late 1920s, he had worked in Hollywood directing several German-language versions of American features. Variety indicates that William Wellman was originally scheduled to direct The Last Flight.
Pre-code files indicate that censors objected to sexual innuendo and skimpy clothing in some scenes in the film. Modern sources add Yola d'Avril and Luis Alberni to the cast.
The Last Flight was critically reviewed by Mordaunt Hall in The New York Times. He praised the film with the comment: "From flashes of air battles on the eve of the armistice, 'The Last Flight,' a picture which was offered last evening at the Warners' Strand, branches into a curious but often brilliant study of the post-war psychology of four injured American aviators. Their mad waggery and reckless drinking ends darkly for three of them, but the fourth, Cary Lockwood, played by Richard Barthelmess, finds happiness with a girl named Nikki, whose humor and outlook on life has a great deal in common with that of the fliers."
Starting in the 1970s, the film has been rediscovered and many critics view it as a "neglected gem" or a "lost classic". Film historian and critic Dennis Schwartz called The Last Flight "a film that has flown under the radar, but is worth seeking out" and compared it to Ernest Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises. He stated: "The visuals are excellent, and the film is fast moving and has a great snappy banter. It suffers from none of the awkwardness many of the early talkie films had, and is easily the best pic Dieterle ever shot (...)". He also called the performance by Helen Chandler "pitch perfect brilliant".
According to Warner Bros the film earned $405,000 domestically and $45,000 foreign.
The most lasting impact of The Last Flight was, however, offscreen. Shortly after the film's release, Cary Grant appeared opposite Fay Wray and Douglass Montgomery on Broadway, starting on September 29, 1931 on a musical adaptation entitled Nikki. Grant was still billed as "Archie Leach" but adopted his first name from the character, "Cary Lockwood", whom he played on stage and the one Barthelmess had portrayed in the film version. [Note 1]
- The film is preserved in the Library of Congress collection.
- Later the same year, John Mack Brown also adopted a new name, "Johnny Mack Brown" when his career skidded from top-drawer films like The Last Flight and The Secret Six (1937) to B westerns. In the same year, Helen Chandler, also starred with David Manners in the original Dracula opposite Bela Lugosi but ironically fell victim to alcoholism later in life and was badly disfigured in a fire caused by falling asleep while smoking.
- Warner Bros financial information in The William Shaefer Ledger. See Appendix 1, Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, (1995) 15:sup1, 1-31 p 11 DOI: 10.1080/01439689508604551
- Wynne 1987, p. 173.
- The AFI Catalog of Feature Films 1893-1993:The Last Flight
- Pendo 1985, p. 12.
- Arnold, Jeremy. "Articles: 'The Lost Flight' (1931)." Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved: April 2, 2017.
- "Notes: 'The Lost Flight' (1931)." Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved: April 2, 2017.
- Hall, Mordaunt. "The screen: An aftermath of the war." The New York Times, August 20, 1931. Retrieved: April 2, 2017.
- Spiering, M.; Wintle, M. (July 9, 2002). Ideas of Europe since 1914: The Legacy of the First World War. ISBN 9781403918437.
- The Last Flight at Dennis Schwartz
- Catalog of Holdings The American Film Institute Collection and The United Artists Collection at The Library of Congress, (<-book title) p.100 c.1978 by The American Film Institute
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