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The Last of the Mohicans (1936 film)

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The Last of the Mohicans
Theatrical release poster
Directed byGeorge B. Seitz
Produced byEdward Small
Written by
Screenplay byPhilip Dunne
Based onThe Last of the Mohicans
1826 novel
by James Fenimore Cooper
Starring
Music byRoy Webb
CinematographyRobert H. Planck
Edited by
Production
company
Distributed byUnited Artists
Release date
  • September 4, 1936 (1936-09-04) (USA)
Running time
92 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish

The Last of the Mohicans is a 1936 American adventure western film based on the 1826 novel The Last of the Mohicans by James Fenimore Cooper. It was directed by George B. Seitz and stars Randolph Scott, Binnie Barnes and Henry Wilcoxon.

Plot

During the French and Indian War, Alice (Binnie Barnes) and Cora Munro (Heather Angel), the two daughters of Colonel Munro (Hugh Buckler), commander of a British fort, set out from Albany to join their father. They are escorted by Major Duncan Heyward (Henry Wilcoxon), who has loved Alice for a long time, and by the Huron Indian Magua (Bruce Cabot). Magua is secretly an enemy of the British. Magua betrays them, but they are rescued by a colonial scout named Hawkeye (Randolph Scott) and his friends, the last two members of the Mohican tribe, Chingachgook (Robert Barrat) and his son Uncas (Phillip Reed). On their way to the fort, Uncas falls in love with Cora, while Hawkeye and Alice are attracted to each other.

The fort is besieged by the French, under General Montcalm (William Stack), and their Indian allies. Hawkeye sneaks out at night and overhears Magua's treacherous plans to raid the unprotected colonial settlements. Colonel Munro refuses to accept Hawkeye's unsupported word, and forbids the colonials to leave to protect their loved ones. Hawkeye arranges for the men to depart, but remains behind. Munro has no choice but to pronounce a death sentence on him for his actions. Magua incites his men to attack the fort to forestall an agreement between Montcalm and Munro that would allow the British to surrender the fort peacefully in exchange for their lives. Before Montcalm can stop the fighting, Munro is fatally wounded and his daughters are carried off by Magua and a small band of his supporters. Magua tells the women that Cora will become his squaw, and Alice will be burned alive.

Hawkeye and his friends break out of the stockade and set out in pursuit, as does Heyward. When they reach a stream, they are forced to split up. Hawkeye and Chingachgook search downstream, Heyward and Uncas upstream. Uncas picks up the trail and, unwilling to wait for the others, hurries ahead by himself. He manages to free Cora, but they are trapped on top of a cliff. Uncas kills one man, but Magua sends him plummeting to the bottom of the cliff. Rather than become Magua's woman, Cora chooses to jump to her death. The dying Uncas drags himself over to her lifeless body and takes her hand in his before succumbing. Chingachgook arrives and challenges Magua to fight one-on-one. Hawkeye prevents Heyward from interfering. Chingachgook drowns Magua in the river.

Meanwhile, Alice is taken to a large enemy settlement to be burned at the stake. Hawkeye sends Chingachgook to stand guard, then tells Heyward he will offer himself in exchange for Alice. Heyward offers his life instead, but Hawkeye tells him that the Indians would not trade Alice for a British officer they do not know. It must be an enemy warrior they respect highly, and Hawkeye meets that description. Heyward knocks out Hawkeye and takes his clothes, because the enemy does not know what Hawkeye looks like. Heyward enters the armed camp and bargains for Alice's release. Hawkeye awakens and follows him. Faced with two men claiming to be Hawkeye, the enemy chief decides the winner of a shooting contest must be the real one, and he is proved right. Before she leaves, Alice kisses Hawkeye. Then he is tied to a stake and the wood around him set on fire. Alice and the others encounter a British relief force led by General Abercrombie. They storm the camp and free Hawkeye.

Hawkeye faces a court-martial, but Heyward has the charges dismissed. Hawkeye enlists in the British Army and sets out with them to attack Canada. Alice tells him she will be waiting for him at Albany.

Cast

Production

The movie was the last of several producer Edward Small's Reliance Picture Corporation made for United Artists.[2] Merle Oberon was originally announced as the female lead.[3] There were plans to make the movie in colour but Small decided it was too expensive.[4]

Philip Dunne worked on the script with John L. Balderston. Dunne later claimed that the final film:

Is only a pallid ghost of what John and I originally wrote. Ours was a full-blooded screenplay, combining adventure and excitement with what we considered some respectable poetry in the love story between the patrician English girl and the young Mohican brave. Above all we painted an authentic picture of colonial American in the eighteenth century.[5]

Dunne said that production of the film was postponed due to casting problems; he and Balderstone went away and by the time they came back shooting had started.

The film was appalling. In our absence, Eddie apparently had succumbed to the itch many producers have to tamper with inactive scripts. I don't know what writers he had hired, but they had succeeded in turning our authentic eighteenth century period piece into a third-rate Western. The characters even spoke to each other in twentieth century colloquialisms, and each had been rendered banal beyond belief.[5]

Small then hired Dunne to rewrite the dialogue on set, although he says the structure of his original script remained altered.

Filming locations

  • Big Bear Lake, Big Bear Valley, San Bernardino National Forest, California, USA
  • Cedar Lake, Big Bear Valley, San Bernardino National Forest, California, USA
  • Smith River, near the community of Hiouchi, Del Norte County, California, USA
  • Iverson Ranch, 1 Iverson Lane, Chatsworth, Los Angeles, California, USA
  • Kern River, Bakersfield, California, USA
  • Lake Earl, near Crescent City, Del Norte County, California, USA
  • Lake Sherwood, California, USA
  • RKO-Pathé Studios – 9336 Washington Blvd., Culver City, California, USA (studio)
  • San Bernardino National Forest, California, USA[6]

Reception

In his review for AllMovie, Paul Brenner wrote that Randolph Scott had "one of his best roles as Hawkeye in this exciting film adaptation of James Fenimore Cooper's often filmed novel."[7] Clem Beauchamp was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Assistant Director.

Influence on future adaptations

The film served as the basis for a subsequent 1992 adaptation written and directed by Michael Mann and starring Daniel Day-Lewis as Hawkeye, Madeleine Stowe as Cora, Wes Studi as Magua, Russell Means as Chingachgook, and Steven Waddington as Duncan. Writers John L. Balderston, Daniel Moore, and Paul Perez were given a "Story by" credit on the film, which carries over several changes made in the 1936 film.[8] These include Hawkeye's characterisation as a younger, romantic lead who develops a relationship with Cora after she rejects the proposal of Duncan.[9]

References

  1. ^ "Full cast and crew for The Last of the Mohicans". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved August 23, 2012.
  2. ^ Schallert, Edwin (Jan 27, 1936). "Robert Donat, Jack Oakie and Other Stars to Glisten on R.-K.-O. Program: Small Closes Deal for Reliance Films Kiepura's Next European Feature in Charge of "Casta Diva" Director; Jean Arthur and Melvyn Douglas to Join Talents". Los Angeles Times. p. A15.
  3. ^ "SCREEN NOTES". New York Times. Mar 4, 1935. p. 12.
  4. ^ "SCREEN NOTES". New York Times. Aug 14, 1935. p. 16.
  5. ^ a b Philip Dunne, Take Two: A Life in Movies and Politics, Limelight, 1992 p 35
  6. ^ "Filming locations for The Last of the Mohicans". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved August 23, 2012.
  7. ^ Brenner, Paul. "The Last of the Mohicans (1936)". AllMovie. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
  8. ^ "The Last of the Mohicans (1992)". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
  9. ^ "James Fenimore Copper's 'The Last of the Mohicans': book vs. movie | V.M. Simandan". V.M. Simandan. 2010-10-02. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
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The Last of the Mohicans (1936 film)
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