Wiszniów - Wikiwand
For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Wiszniów.

Wiszniów

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Wiszniów
Village
Kościół w Wiszniowie2
Kościół w Wiszniowie2
Wiszniów
Wiszniów
Coordinates: 50°35′N 23°54′E / 50.583°N 23.900°E / 50.583; 23.900
Country Poland
VoivodeshipLublin
CountyHrubieszów
GminaMircze
Population
584

Wiszniów [ˈviʂɲuf] (in Ukrainian Вишнів) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Mircze, within Hrubieszów County, Lublin Voivodeship, in eastern Poland, close to the border with Ukraine.[1]

Geography

Wiszniów is located on the south-eastern edge of the Mircze commune, on the Bukowa River on the border of the Kotlina Hrubieszowska and Grzęda Sokalska. It lies approximately 8 kilometres (5 mi) south of Mircze, 26 km (16 mi) south of Hrubieszów, and 119 km (74 mi) south-east of the regional capital Lublin. The village is mainly of agricultural and fruit nature due to very good conditions for agricultural production. There are farm buildings in the village, there is also a housing estate. the water reservoir is located in Korczunek (Karczunek), in addition there are several artificial water reservoirs for breeding ponds. In the north of the village there is a mixed forest.[2]

Demography

Wiszniów is the second largest village in the Mircze commune in terms of population. In 2011, 584 people lived here. Half of the community is women and half are men.In the years 1998-2011 the number of inhabitants decreased by 1.5%. 60.3% of the inhabitants of the village of Wiszniów are in working age, 20.5% in pre-working age, and 19.2% of residents are in post-working age. There are 65.9 people of non-working age in the village of Wiszniów per 100 people of working age.[3]

Demography
Demography

History

The first information on the village dates from 1396. The first owner of the village was Mikołaj Mnich (1426). The next owner was Jan Makosiej. In 1564, the village owned 84 ha of arable land. According to the royal lustration of 1589, Vyshniv was the village of the Tyszowce district of the Belz County of the Belz Voivodeship. Wiszniów was a possession of Makosiej, there were 5 farmland, 5 hedgehogs, 1 artisan and 4 surveyors. In 1827 Wiszniów had 78 houses and 393 inhabitants. At that time, the owners were Świeżawscy. The Świeżawscy sold the village to Seweryn Kiełczewski. The Kiełczewskis lived in Wiszniów in a wooden mansion. In 1921 there were 105 houses, 622 inhabitants. Most of the residents were Ukrainian. There were 27 Jews. During the Second World War, Wiszniów was burned. Many people, Ukrainians and Poles, were killed at that time.[4] Probably all the Jews died. Ukrainians have been displaced to Russia. Ukrainians have been displaced to Russia. The Poles did not return after the war until 1947.[5][6]

  • Manor of Kiełczewski, 1910
    Manor of Kiełczewski, 1910
  • entry gate, 1910
    entry gate, 1910
  • 1980
    1980
  • Gmina Mircze
    Gmina Mircze
  • 1876
    1876
  • 1915
    1915
  • 1929
    1929

Orthodox church

The first information on the church dates from 1472. n 1531, the church was empty ("sinagoga deserta"). Another church was built in 1669, it was funded by King Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki. The church was called Decapitation of the Saint Jeans. The new church was founded by Michał Radecki and Franciszek Świeżawski in 1780. The new church, which still exists today, was built in 1850. Władysław Kiełczewski was the founder of the church. In 1922, the church was converted to a Catholic church. The new parish is dedicated to Saint. Stanislaus. The church was rebuilt (1922, 1954, 1987). The church is registered in the monument register.[7][5][6]

  • Former orthodox church
    Former orthodox church
  • Orthodox cemetery
    Orthodox cemetery
  • Monument for deceased Ukrainians
    Monument for deceased Ukrainians

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "Central Statistical Office (GUS) – TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01.
  2. ^ STRATEGIA ROZWOJU GMINY MIRCZE NA LATA 2015-2020 [1]
  3. ^ Wiszniów - Polska w liczbach, dane GUS
  4. ^ "Kresowa księga sprawiedliwych 1939–1945" - portal edukacyjny IPN, pamiec.pl
  5. ^ a b J. Niedźwiedź, E. Niedźwiedź, E. Prusicka- Kołcon, M. Kołcon, L. Szopiński, Dzieje miejscowości gminy Mircze, powiat hrubieszowski, Mircze - Zamość 2008, s. 114-115, 141-142.
  6. ^ a b Wiesław Bondyra, Słownik historyczny miejscowości województwa zamojskiego
  7. ^ Słownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego, t. 13, Warszawa 1893, s. 625.
  8. ^ "Ucieczka Jana Redzeja, Witolda Pileckiego oraz Edwarda Ciesielskiego z KL Auschwitz |".
  9. ^ "Powstańcze Biogramy - Jan Redzej".
  10. ^ "Barszcz Adam (Barsh)". March 2014.
  11. ^ "Adam Barszcz".
  • Maps of Wiszniów [2]
  • Photos of Wiszniów [3]
  • Photos of former orthodox church [4]
  • Parish website [5]

Coordinates: 50°35′N 23°54′E / 50.583°N 23.900°E / 50.583; 23.900

{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
Wiszniów
Listen to this article