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Ayrarat

L'Ayrarat ou Aïrarat (en arménien Այրարատ) est une ancienne province du royaume d'Arménie selon le géographe arménien du VIIe siècle Anania de Shirak[1]. Il couvre des régions actuellement situées en Turquie et en Arménie, avec notamment les villes d'Artachat, d'Etchmiadzin et de Dvin[2].

Districts

Les quinze provinces de l'Arménie historique, avec l'Ayrarat au centre.
Les quinze provinces de l'Arménie historique, avec l'Ayrarat au centre.

La province se compose de vingt-deux districts ou cantons (gavar, գավառ)[3] :

  • Basean / Basēn (Բասեն) ;
  • Gabełeank’ (Գաբեղեանք) ;
  • Abełeank’ (Աբեղեանք) ;
  • Hawnunik’ (Հավնունիք) ;
  • Aršarunik’ (Արշարունիք) ;
  • Bagrewand (Բագրևանդ) ;
  • Całkotn (Ծաղկոտն) ;
  • Vanand (Վանանդ) ;
  • Širak (Շիրակ) ;
  • Aragacotn (Արագածոտն) ;
  • Čakatk’ (Ճակատք) ;
  • Maseac’ton (Մասյացոտն) ;
  • Kogovit (Կոգովիտ) ;
  • Ašoc’k’ (Աշոցք) ;
  • Nig (Նիգ) ;
  • Kotayk’ (Կոտայք) ;
  • Mazaz (Մազազ) ;
  • Varažnunik’ (Վարաժնունիք) ;
  • Ostan Hayoc’ (Ոստան Հայոց) ;
  • Urcajor (Ուրծաձոր) ;
  • Arac / Aracoy Kołmn (Արած) ;
  • Šarur Dašt (Շարուր Դաշտ).

Notes et références

  1. Gérard Dédéyan (dir.), Histoire du peuple arménien, Toulouse, Éd. Privat, (1re éd. 1982), 991 p. [détail de l’édition] (ISBN 978-2-7089-6874-5), p. 43.
  2. Claude Mutafian et Éric Van Lauwe, Atlas historique de l'Arménie, Autrement, coll. « Atlas / Mémoires », 2005 (ISBN 978-2746701007), p. 13
  3. (en) Robert H. Hewsen, Armenia: A historical Atlas, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago et Londres, 2001 (ISBN 0-226-33228-4), p. 103.
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Ayrarat
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