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Fred Fisher

Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

Fred Fisher
Nom de naissance Albert von Breitenbach
Naissance
Cologne,
Empire allemand
Décès (à 66 ans)
Manhattan
Activité principale Compositeur, éditeur de musique
Années actives Années 19001940

Fred Fisher ( - ) est un compositeur américain d'origine allemande, éditeur de musique de Tin Pan Alley.

Biographie

Fisher naît Albert von Breitenbach à Cologne. Après avoir visité les États-Unis en 1892, il émigre en 1900 et adopte le nom Fred Fischer. Il crée la Fred Fischer Music Publishing Company en 1907. Durant la Première Guerre mondiale il change son nom de famille pour Fisher pour faire moins allemand[1].

En 1914, Fred Fisher épouse Ana Fisher née Davidovitch, plus tard anglicisé en Davis, née en 1896). Leurs enfants Daniel (« Danny » (1920–2001), Marvin (1916–1993) et Doris Fisher (en) (1915–2003) composent également des chansons de façon professionnelle[2]. Fisher se suicide par pendaison à Manhattan[3],[4] et est inhumé au cimetière Maimonides à Brooklyn.

En 1970 Fred Fisher est intronisé au Songwriters Hall of Fame.

Compositions (sélection)

  • If the Man in the Moon Were a Coon, de Fred Fischer, Will Rossiter (1867–1954) (pub) (1905) (OCLC 497077685) (son premier succès; il combine deux thèmes de chansons alors populaires, les Moon songs et les Coon songs)
  • Come Josephine in My Flying Machine (en), de Fred Fischer, Shapiro (pub) (1910) (OCLC 6586232)
  • Modèle:Peg o' My Heart (chanson), paroles d'Alfred Bryan, musique de Fred Fisher, Leo Feist (en) (pub) (1913) (OCLC 11149171)
  • Who paid the rent for Mrs. Rip Van Winkle? musique d'Alfred Bryan, musique de Fred Fischer, Leo Feist (pub) (1914) (OCLC 49782832)
  • They Go Wild, Simply Wild, Over Me, paroles de Joe McCarthy (en) (1885–1943), musique de Fred Fisher, McCarthy & Fisher (pub) (1917) (OCLC 17811063)
  • The Popular Wobbly (en), parodie de They Go Wild, Simply Wild, Over Me, musique de T-Bone Slim (en) (1880–1942), Industrial Workers of the World (pub) (1920)
  • Dardanella, paroles de Fred Fisher, musique de Felix Bernard (en) (1897–1944) et Johnny S. Black (1895–1936), McCarthy & Fisher Inc. (1919) (OCLC 10206915)
  • Chicago, de Fred Fisher, Fred Fisher (pub) (1922) (OCLC 20597644)
  • That's When Your Heartaches Begin, de William Raskin, George Brown (Billy Hill (en)) et Fred Fisher, Fred Fisher Music Co. (1940) (air de The Ink Spots enregistré en 1957 par Elvis) (OCLC 46387847)
  • Your Feet's Too Big (en), d'Ada Benson, Fred Fisher, The Four Ink Spots (1936) (OCLC 497463463)
  • I'd Rather Be Blue, paroles de Billy Rose, musique de Fred Fisher, Irving Berlin (pub) (1928) (OCLC 25122790)
  • 'Whispering Grass (en), paroles de Fred Fisher, musique de Doris Fisher (en), Mills Music Inc. (pub) (1940) (OCLC 26008157)

Filmographie

Galerie

  • Come Josephine In My Flying Machine (1910)
    Come Josephine In My Flying Machine (1910)
  • They Go Wild, Simply Wild, Over Me (1917)
    They Go Wild, Simply Wild, Over Me (1917)
  • Dardanella (1919)
    Dardanella (1919)
  • Chicago (1922
    Chicago (1922

Bibliographie

Références générales

  • American National Biography. 24 volumes. Edited by John A. Garraty and Mark C. Carnes. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999
  • American Popular Songs. From the Revolutionary War to the present. Edited by David Ewen. New York: Random House, 1966
  • American Songwriters. By David Ewen. New York: H.W. Wilson Co., 1987
  • The ASCAP Biographical Dictionary. Third edition. New York: American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers, 1966
  • ASCAP Biographical Dictionary. Fourth edition. Compiled for the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers by Jaques Cattell Press. New York: R.R. Bowker, 1980
  • Biographical Dictionary of American Music. By Charles Eugene Claghorn. West Nyack, NY: Parker Publishing Co., 1973
  • Biography Index. A cumulative index to biographical material in books and magazines. Volume 1: January 1946 - July 1949. New York: H.W. Wilson Co., 1949
  • Biography Index. A cumulative index to biographical material in books and magazines. Volume 6: September 1961 - August 1964. New York: H.W. Wilson Co., 1965
  • Biography Index. A cumulative index to biographical material in books and magazines. Volume 15: September 1986 - August 1988. New York: H.W. Wilson Co., 1988
  • Biography Index. A cumulative index to biographical material in books and magazines. Volume 16: September 1988 - August 1990. New York: H.W. Wilson Co., 1990
  • The Complete Encyclopedia of Popular Music and Jazz, 1900-1950. Three volumes. By Roger D. Kinkle. New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House Publishers, 1974. Biographies are located in Volumes 2 and 3
  • Dictionary of Pseudonyms. Third edition. By Adrian Room. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 1998
  • The Encyclopedia of Popular Music. Third edition. Eight volumes. Edited by Colin Larkin. London: MUZE, 1998. Grove's Dictionaries, New York, 1998
  • The Heritage Encyclopedia of Band Music. Composers and their music. Supplement. By William H. Rehrig. Westerville, OH: Integrity Press, 1996
  • The New American Dictionary of Music. By Philip D. Morehead with Anne MacNeil. New York: Dutton, 1991
  • The New Grove Dictionary of American Music. Four volumes. Édité par Hugh Wiley Hitchcock et Stanley Sadie. London: Macmillan Press, 1986
  • Notable Names in the American Theatre. Clifton, NJ: James T. White & Co., 1976. Earlier edition published as The Biographical Encyclopaedia and Who's Who of the American Theatre
  • The Oxford Companion to Popular Music. By Peter Gammond. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1991
  • Popular American Composers. From Revolutionary times to the present. A biographical and critical guide. First edition. Compiled and edited by David Ewen. New York: H.W. Wilson Co., 1962
  • Songwriters. A biographical dictionary with discographies. By Nigel Harrison. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 1998
  • Sweet and Lowdown. America's popular song writers. By Warren Craig. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1978. Biographies appear in the 'After Tin Pan Alley' section, beginning on page 91
  • Tin Pan Alley. An encyclopedia of the golden age of American song. By David A. Jasen. New York: Routledge, 2003

Notes et références

  1. Jack Gottlieb, Funny, It Doesn't Sound Jewish: How Yiddish Songs and Synagogue Melodies Influenced Tin Pan Alley, Broadway, and Hollywood, Volume 1, p. 25, SUNY Press (2004) (ISBN 0-8444-1130-2), (ISBN 9780844411309)
  2. Honor Roll of Popular Song Writers: no 13 - Fred Fisher, by Jack Burton, Billboard (magazine), p. 48, 19 mars 1949
  3. Songwriters Attend Fred Fisher's Rites: Buck Praises Him for Great Contribution to Music, The New York Times, 17 janvier 1942
  4. Hit Songs' Author Suicide by Hanging, The New York Times, 15 janvier 1942

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