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English Football League

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Zie Football League (Griekenland) voor de Griekse tweede divisie

De English Football League (EFL) is een organisatie die 72 professionele voetbalclubs uit Engeland en Wales representeert. Het is de organisatie achter de oudste professionele voetbalcompetitie op de wereld en organiseert daarnaast ook nog twee bekercompetities.

De English Football League werd opgericht op 22 maart 1888 ("Football League"), toen de toenmalige directeur van Aston Villa, de Schot William McGregor orde in de chaos wilde scheppen en de 12 belangrijkste teams aanschreef om mee te doen. Naast Aston Villa waren dat Accrington, Blackburn Rovers, Bolton Wanderers, Burnley FC, Derby County, Everton FC, Notts County, Preston North End, Stoke City, West Bromwich Albion FC en Wolverhampton Wanderers. 8 september van dat jaar begon de eerste competitie.

De English Football League groeide gestaag door en er werden meer divisies aan toegevoegd. Sinds 1959 had de Football League 92 clubs. In 1992 besloten de 22 grootste clubs echter de Football League te verlaten, om in de financieel veel aantrekkelijkere Premier League te gaan spelen. Er is echter wel promotie en degradatie tussen de Premier League en de hoogste divisie van de Football League.

Overzicht van clubs in het seizoen 2016/17

Championship
League One League Two
Aston Villa AFC Wimbledon Accrington Stanley
Barnsley Bolton Wanderers Barnet
Birmingham City Bradford City Blackpool
Blackburn Rovers Bristol Rovers Cambridge United
Brentford Bury Carlisle United
Brighton & Hove Albion Charlton Athletic Cheltenham Town
Bristol City Chesterfield Colchester United
Burton Albion Coventry City Crawley Town
Cardiff City Fleetwood Town Crewe Alexandra
Derby County Gillingham Doncaster Rovers
Fulham Millwall Exeter City
Huddersfield Town Milton Keynes Dons Grimsby Town
Ipswich Town Northampton Town Hartlepool United
Leeds United Oldham Athletic Leyton Orient
Newcastle United Oxford United Luton Town
Norwich City Peterborough United Mansfield Town
Nottingham Forest Port Vale Morecambe
Preston North End Rochdale Newport County
Queens Park Rangers Scunthorpe Notts County
Reading Sheffield United Plymouth Argyle
Rotherham United Shrewsbury Town Portsmouth
Sheffield Wednesday Southend United Stevenage
Wigan Athletic Swindon Town Wycombe Wanderers
Wolverhampton Wanderers Walsall Yeovil Town

Bekercompetities

De Football League organiseert twee bekertoernooien. De League Cup en de League Trophy. De League Cup werd opgericht in 1960 en hieraan doen alle Football League clubs en Premier League clubs mee. De winnaar van het toernooi mag meedoen aan de UEFA Europa League. De League Trophy is voor de clubs uit de Football League One, Football League Two en een aantal clubs uit de Conference National.

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English Football League
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