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Horace Greeley

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Horace Greeley (1811-1872)
Horace Greeley (1811-1872)

Horace Greeley (Amherst, 3 februari 1811Pleasantville, 29 november 1872) was een Amerikaans journalist, krantenuitgever en politicus.

Levensloop

Foto van Greeley door Mathew Brady, genomen tussen 1844 en 1860
Foto van Greeley door Mathew Brady, genomen tussen 1844 en 1860
Voorpagina van de New-York Daily Tribune in 1864
Voorpagina van de New-York Daily Tribune in 1864

Zijn krant de New York Tribune was in de periode 1840-1870 de meest gezaghebbende krant van het land. Greeley gebruikte de krant om de Whig Party en de Republikeinen te steunen. Greeley is het meest bekend om zijn sociaal gekleurde journalistiek. Hij wilde mensen overtuigen van zijn ideeën. Hij was ervan overtuigd dat de rol van een journalist eruit bestond mensen te overtuigen met goede argumenten en deed niet zoals de op sensatie beluste Joseph Pulitzer en anderen.

Hij kwam op tegen de slavernij en was in 1856 een der oprichters van de Republikeinse Partij. In augustus 1862 pleitte hij in het beroemd geworden hoofdartikel "The Prayer of Twenty Millions"voor de afschaffing van de slavernij. President Lincoln reageerde in een ingezonden artikel:"“If I could save the Union without freeing any slave, I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves, I would do it; and if I could do it by freeing some and leaving others alone, I would also do that.”

Na 1868 streed Greeley tegen de corruptie onder president Ulysses S. Grant. Hij keerde zich af van de Republikeinen, ging in 1872 bij de radicale Liberal Republican Party en werd de kandidaat van deze partij bij de Amerikaanse presidentsverkiezingen van 1872. Hij kreeg zelfs de steun van de Democratische Partij maar verloor. Hij overleed enkele weken nadien.

Publicaties

  • The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860–64 Vol. I (1864) Vol. II, 1866.
  • The Science of Political Economy, While Serving To Explain and Defend The Policy of Protection to Home Industry, As a System of National Cooperation For True Elevation of Labor, 1870.
  • Recollections of a Busy Life, 1868.

Literatuur

  • James PARTON, The Life of Horace Greeley, 1889.
  • Don Carlos SEITZ, Horace Greeley: Founder of The New York Tribune, 1926.
  • Allan NEVINS, Horace Greeley, in: Dictionary of American Biography, volume 7, Scribner's, 1931.
  • Whitelaw REID, Horace Greeley, Scribner's sons, 1879.
  • Roy M. ROBBINS, Horace Greeley: Land Reform and Unemployment, 1837–1862, in: Agricultural History, VII, 18, januari, 1933.
  • David M. POTTER, Horace Greeley and Peaceable Secession, in: Journal of Southern History, 1941
  • Henry Luthe STODDARD, Horace Greeley: Printer, Editor, Crusader, G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1946.
  • William Harlan HALE, Horace Greeley: Voice of the People, Harper & Brothers, 1950.
  • Thomas N. BONNER, Horace Greeley and the Secession Movement, 1860–1861, in: Mississippi Valley Historical Review, 1951
  • Glyndon G. VAN DEUSEN, Horace Greeley: Nineteenth-Century Reformer, University of Pennsylvania Press, 1953.
  • Matthew T. DOWNEY, Horace Greeley and the Politicians: The Liberal Republican Convention in 1872, in: The Journal of American History, Vol. 53, maart 1967.
  • Bernard A. WEISBERGER, Horace Greeley: Reformer as Republican, in: Civil War History, 1977
  • Sally RAYLOR, Marx and Greeley on Slavery and Labor, in: Journalism History, 1979.
  • Erik S. LUNDE, Horace Greeley, Twayne Publishers, 1981, isbn=0-8057-7343-6
  • Suzanne SCHULZE, Horace Greeley: A Bio-Bibliography, Greenwood, 1992.
  • Coy F. CROSS, Go West Young Man! Horace Greeley's Vision for America University of Mexico Press, 1995.
  • Erik S.LUNDE, Greeley, Horace, in: American National Biography Online, 2000.
  • Doris Kearns GOODWIN, Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln, Simon & Schuster, 2005.
  • Robert C. WILLIA%MS, Horace Greeley: Champion of American Freedom, New York University Press, 2006.
  • Adam TUCHINSKY, Horace Greeley's New-York Tribune: Civil War–Era Socialism and the Crisis of Free Labor, Cornell University Press, 2009.
  • Andrew SLAP, The Doom of Reconstruction: The Liberal Republicans in the Civil War Era, 2010.
  • Mitchell SNAY, Horace Greeley and the Politics of Reform in Nineteenth-Century America, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers Inc., 2011
  • Gregory A. BORCHARD, Abraham Lincoln and Horace Greeley, Southern Illinois University Press, 2011.

Trivia

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Horace Greeley
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