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Musculus genioglossus

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Musculus genioglossus
Musculus genioglossus
Hoort bij tongspieren
Functie protractie van de tong
Origo spina mentalis
Insertie tonglichaam
Zenuw nervus hypoglossus

De musculus genioglossus[1] of kin-tongspier[2] is de sterkste uitwendige tongspier.

Hij ontspringt gepaard in het midden van de binnenzijde van de onderkaak (spina mentalis), en straalt waaiervormig uit in het tonglichaam (van de tongpunt naar de tongbasis).

De onderste vezels lopen naar de tongbasis. Deze houden de tong terug van het strottenhoofd en trekken de tong(basis) naar voren. De overige vezels trekken de tong naar de mondbodem.

De musculus genioglossus wordt geïnnerveerd door de twaalfde hersenzenuw, de nervus hypoglossus.

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Musculus genioglossus
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