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音乐类型

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音乐类型(英語:music genre),或称音乐流派,是对于音乐作品归属的传统性分类[1]。它与音樂形式并不相同,尽管在现实中有时会混用。

音乐可以以不同方式分属不同的类型。音乐的艺术本质决定了,这样的分类往往是专断且陈腐的,而且许多类型往往会相互交叉。对于类型的分类有许多学术著作。在道格拉斯·M·格林的《声调音乐的形式》(Form in Tonal Music)一书中,他把文艺复兴时期音乐划分为诸如牧歌經文歌、合组歌(Canzona)、里切尔卡舞曲等类型。他对于音乐类型和音乐形式的概念有着严格区分。[2]而如彼得·万·德·莫维(Peter van der Merwe)等人,则将音乐类型和音乐形式等同,认为音乐类型就是有着相同的某种形式或者“基本音乐语言”的音乐的总和。[3]其他人,例如阿伦·A·摩尔(Allan F. Moore),则表示类型和形式应当区别,而且一些次要特征,例如主题内容,也可以用来区分类型。[4]一个音乐类型或子类型可通过所用的音乐技巧、音乐风格、语境以及主题的内容和精神来确定。有时候地域会被用来区分不同的音乐类型,尽管单一地域分类往往会包含大量不同的子类型。

藝術/流行/傳統的區別

音樂學家有時候根據菲利普·塔格(Philip Tagg)的“民間”、“藝術”和“流行”音樂“等三角形”的圖案來區分音樂。他解釋說,這三者中的每一個類型都可以根據一定的標準與其他類型區分開來[5]

参考文献

  1. ^ Jim Samson. "Genre."页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆) In Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Accessed March 4, 2012.
  2. ^ Green, Douglass M. Form in Tonal Music. Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, Inc. 1965: 1. ISBN 0-03-020286-8. 
  3. ^ van der Merwe, Peter. Origins of the Popular Style: The Antecedents of Twentieth-Century Popular Music. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1989: 3. ISBN 0-19-316121-4. 
  4. ^ Moore, Allan F. "Categorical Conventions in Music Discourse: Style and Genre" Music & Letters, Vol. 82, No. 3 (Aug., 2001), pp. 432–442

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音乐类型
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