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Solomon, Arizona

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Solomon, Arizona
Marker dedicated to Isadore Elkan Solomon
Location of Solomon in Graham County, Arizona.
Solomon
Solomon
Location of Solomon in Graham County, Arizona.
Solomon
Solomon
Solomon (the United States)
Coordinates: 32°48′45″N 109°38′02″W / 32.81250°N 109.63389°W / 32.81250; -109.63389Coordinates: 32°48′45″N 109°38′02″W / 32.81250°N 109.63389°W / 32.81250; -109.63389
CountryUnited States
StateArizona
CountyGraham
Area
 • Total0.21 sq mi (0.54 km2)
 • Land0.21 sq mi (0.54 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
2,972 ft (906 m)
Population
 • Total5,590
 • Estimate 
(2016)[3]
N/A
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
Area code(s)928
GNIS feature ID11541

Solomon is a census-designated place in Graham County, Arizona, United States. Its population was 426 as of the 2010 census.[2] It is part of the Safford Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[4]

As of the 2010 census Solomon had a population of 426. The ethnic and racial composition of the population was 75.8% Hispanic, 20.9% non-Hispanic white, 0.2% Native American, 0.7% Asian Indian, 0.7% other Asian and 2.8% reporting two or more races.[5]

History

The community's origins go back to the indigenous peoples of the region. Little is known of its history prior to the coming of Europeans.

In the early 19th century settlers who fit the modern term Hispanic came to the region. They named the town they founded "Pueblo Viejo" because of the previous Native American settlement, the ruins of which were still visible.[6]

In the 1870s Mormons moved to the region.[6] The Solomon Ward web site says no Mormons moved to Solomon until 1884[7] They began large scale irrigation. The current name of the town, which was previously known as Solomonville, is for Isadore Elkan Solomon, a German immigrant who came to the town in the 1870s. Solomon was Jewish.[8] He moved to Solomon with his wife and three children, the oldest of whom was three. His wife already had family members in New Mexico.[9] Their first stop in the southwest was in Las Cruces, New Mexico. Mrs. Solomon and the children lived there for four months while I. E. Solomon was searching for a place to start up business, and he eventually settled on the current town of Solomon. When the Solomons came to town there were only five residences in the town.[9] The idea for the name Solomonville was suggested by the local postman, William H. Kirkland.[6]

From the 1880s to about 1910 Solomonville had over 1000 residents.[10] In 1898 the town had a baseball team.[11] From 1873–1915 Solomonville was the seat of Graham County.[12][13]

In 1906 Frieda Mashbir, the sister of Solomon's wife Anna, was made the postmistress for Solomonville.[14]

In the early 1900s, the town was renamed Solomon.

The Mormons never formed a majority of the town's population. It is the only town in this specific area besides Safford that has not been historically dominated by Mormons.[15] It was not until January 1920 that The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints organized a branch at Solomon. It was made a ward the following year, with Elder George Albert Smith presiding over the organizing of the ward.[7] This first organization of the ward was extremely short lived, since it was made a branch again after less than three months as a ward. The branch was again made a ward on February 26, 1928. Leslie W. Layton was the bishop at this time. The ward had a membership of 182 in 1930 (counting 44 children who were under the age of eight and so not actually baptized church members). The town and immediate outlying areas had a population of 1,283 people in 1930.[16]

In 1940 there were 753 inhabitants in Solomon.[17]

In 1952 a red brick ward building was dedicated. In the 1970s under Bishop Rex O. Barney the building was remodeled and added to, and was rededicated November 18, 1979.[7]

In 1979 there were about 250 ward members. By some time prior to September 2007 the ward had over 450 members.[7]

By the 1990s Solomon itself only had a population of 250[10]

Geography

Solomon is at 32°48′50″N 109°37′50″W / 32.81389°N 109.63056°W / 32.81389; -109.63056, at an elevation of approximately 2970 feet above sea level.[18]

Present conditions

Solomon has its own school district.[19] The Solomon Unified School District operates one elementary school, serving K–8.

Historic structures pictured

The following is a brief description of the images of some of the remaining historic buildings in Solomon.

  • Gila Valley Bank Building – built in 1899 and located on Main Street.
  • A. M. Elias Merchandise – built c. 1900 and located on Main Street.
  • Abandoned commercial building – built c. 1900 and located on Main Street.
  • J. Fred Blake & Sons General Store – built c. 1900 and located on Main Street.


Notable person

Popular culture

Legend holds that there is large amount of loot stored in the area of Solomon.[20][21]

See also

References

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 18, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  3. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  5. ^ 2010 demographic date for Solomon, Arizona from the US census
  6. ^ a b c MABS – Solomon[dead link]
  7. ^ a b c d This is an official site of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
  8. ^ http://www.ahfweb.org/download/Ramenofsky_MSS_117.pdf
  9. ^ a b Bloom Southwest Jewish Archives[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ a b Sarah Coleman (June 13, 1997). "Couple wed in Wild West town of pioneering ancestors". jweekly.com.
  11. ^ Bloom Southwest Jewish Archives
  12. ^ Graham County
  13. ^ index
  14. ^ Anna Solomon
  15. ^ On the Upper Gila
  16. ^ Jenson, Andrew. Encyclopedic History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1941) p. 808.
  17. ^ Columbia-Lippincott Gazetter, 1952, p. 1793
  18. ^ "Map of Solomon, AZ". Google Maps.
  19. ^ Federal Assistance for Recipient Congressional District : Arizona 1 (Rick Renzi), Federal Fiscal Year : 2005, Recipient : Serrano, Antonio Serrano, Edwin in state NM, Level of Detail : Summary
  20. ^ Outlaw Gang Lost Loot in Arizona
  21. ^ Lowe, Sam (2012). "Bronco Bill Walters". Speaking Ill of the Dead: Jerks in New Mexico History. Guilford, Conn.: Globe Pequot Press. p. 52. ISBN 9780762783922.
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Solomon, Arizona
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