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|The Bishop of the Ozarks|
|Directed by||Finis Fox|
|Produced by||Milford W. Howard|
|Screenplay by||Finis Fox|
|Story by||Milford W. Howard|
|Starring||Milford W. Howard|
Cosmopolitan Film Company
|Distributed by||Film Booking Offices of America|
The Bishop of the Ozarks is a 1923 American drama silent film directed by Finis Fox. The film is based on a story by Milford W. Howard, who both produced and starred in the feature. The film was distributed by Film Booking Offices of America, commonly referred to as FBO. The film is presumed lost.
Roger Chapman, a wandering minister, his daughter, an infant named Margery, and Simon Gordon, a negro servant, find refuge in a cabin in the Ozark mountains. Tom Sullivan, escaping convict, appears and forces Chapman to exchange clothes with him. Sullivan's pursuers arrive and shoot Chapman in mistake for their quarry. The latter is buried as Sullivan. The ex-convict assumes the name and garb of the parson and in the interior of the hills takes up a pastor's work. With gun and will Sullivan proves to the mountaineers that he is a force to be reckoned with. He is made chaplain of the State Prison. Margery grows to womanhood. She has two suitors, both doctors, Earl Godfrey and Paul Burroughs. The latter is a conscientious physician who devotes much of his labor to aiding the power. Godfrey's goal is money and when his uncle dies and leaves him a fortune he starts on an orgy of spending. Margery yields to Godfrey's evil influence and is lured to the Oriental palace which he hs built. Her father comes to her rescue. When Godfrey later attacks Margery she is saved by Burroughs and weds him. A former prison-keeper arrives and denounces Sullivan as an escaped convict, but the Governor pardons him and all ends well.— Exhibitors Trade Review (March 17, 1923)
- Milford W. Howard – Roger Chapman and Tom Sullivan
- Derelys Perdue – Margery Chapman
- Cecil Holland – Dr. Earl Godfrey
- William Kenton – Dr. Paul Burroughs
- R.D. MacLean – Governor of Alabama
- Mrs. Milo Adams – Shepherd woman
- Rosa Melville – Mrs. Jack Armstead
- Fred Kelsey – Mart Stoneman
- George Reed – Simon
Milford W. Howard, who wrote and produced the film, was a United States Representative from Alabama from 1894 to 1898, before moving to California in 1918. While still in Alabama, Howard wrote If Christ Came to Congress (1894), an exposé of corruption, published again in 1964, and The American Plutocracy (1895), a novel about "two classes of people...the excessively rich and the abject poor". According to the Cedar Rapids Tribune (April 6, 1923), the screenplay was due to be published as a novel following the picture's release. Howard returned to Alabama in 1923, and after the death of his first wife, he remarried and traveled to Europe where he interviewed Benito Mussolini of Italy. The interview altered his political philosophy, causing him to endorse fascism. Howard's last book published was Fascism: A Challenge to Democracy, in 1928.
The Bishop of the Ozarks was the only film produced by the Cosmopolitan Film Company, not to be confused with Cosmopolitan Films or Cosmopolitan Productions. Copyright documents on file at the Library of Congress show the film was registered by the R-C (Robertson-Cole) Pictures Corporation, which has been suggested was the holding company of Cosmopolitan.
Cecil Holland, who portrayed Dr. Godfrey, went on to become one of the earliest makeup-men in Hollywood. Holland's work in makeup can be seen in The Mask of Fu Manchu (1932), and The Wizard of Oz (1939). Holland would later head up the makeup department at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, and also authored the book, The Art of Make-up for Stage and Screen.
A review in Moving Picture World at the time said of the film, "mysticism has been resorted to in several instances. There is a spiritual seance, a persistent strain of mental telepathy and a definite instance in which the occult powers of evil are demonstrated". The Exhibitors Herald opined that the film was "an odd mixture of prison reform, second sight and crook reformation", and noted that Milford's acting was "stilted and unreal and at no time does it get over very forcibly". A review of the film in the 1923 Exhibitor's Trade Review said the feature was "an extremely entertaining picture...in spite of the fact that films which suggest a religious atmosphere are seldom viewed with favor by the average citizen in search of amusement...in the present instance there is no propaganda developed regarding any particular belief, no attempt at preaching, merely a thoroughly human story, shot through with trenchant dramatic punches and, if there is a moral to be traced, it is simply that it pays in the long run to do the right thing and keep your nerve intact".
- John T. Soister (2012). American Silent Horror, Science Fiction and Fantasy Feature Films, 1913–1929. McFarland. pp. 38–. ISBN 978-0-7864-8790-5.
- Milford Wriarson Howard (1964). If Christ Came to Congress. Living Books.
- Milford Wriarson Howard (1895). The American Plutocracy. Holland Publishing Company.
- Zora Shay Strayhorn (2001). "Mentone Alabama: A History". Mentone Area Preservation Association.
- "Fascism: a Challenge to Democracy". Hathi Trust.
- Milford Wriarson Howard (1928). Fascism: a Challenge to Democracy. Fleming H. Revell Company.
- Cecil Holland (1927). The art of make-up for stage & screen. Cinematex Publishing Company.
- Kenneth White Munden (1997). The American Film Institute Catalog of Motion Pictures Produced in the United States. University of California Press. pp. 62–. ISBN 978-0-520-20969-5.
- "Milford Howard in Bishop of Ozarks". Exhibitors Herald. March 10, 1923.
- "The Bishop of the Ozarks". Exhibitor's Trade Review. March 17, 1923.
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